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The Role of Skin-to-Skin Contact and Breastfeeding on Atonic Postpartum Hemorrhage

1
Maternity and Child Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia
2
Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western, Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-4904, USA
3
Medical Surgical Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2020 / Revised: 7 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 25 December 2020
Objectives: were to (a) determine incidence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in all women delivering between 2009 and 2015, and (b) determine the amount of Estimated Blood Loss (EBL) and duration of the third stage of labor in each subgroup for women with or without PPH, and (c) compare EBL and duration of 3rd stage of labor between subgroups in groups of women with or without PPH. Design: A retrospective chart review conducted using codes for atonic PPH. Setting: Records from a University based tertiary setting, 264 charts were reviewed and data from 154 charts were analyzed. One-way ANOVAs followed with post-hocs and a 2-way ANOVA were conducted. Results: PPH rate increased by 47.50% from 2009–2015. For women with PPH, EBL was lower in skin to skin contact (SSC) + Breastfeeding (BF) subgroup. For women without PPH, EBL was lower in SSC only subgroup. Third stage of labor duration was longer in women with PPH. Conclusions: Study confirmed the increasing trends of PPH due to uterine atony and proposed role of SSC and BF in decreasing EBL and shorten the duration of the 3rd stage of labor for PPH women, usefulness of SSC and BF as physiologic practices merit further study. View Full-Text
Keywords: skin-to-skin contact (SSC); breastfeeding (BF); postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) skin-to-skin contact (SSC); breastfeeding (BF); postpartum hemorrhage (PPH)
MDPI and ACS Style

Almutairi, W.M.; Ludington, S.M.; Quinn Griffin, M.T.; Burant, C.J.; Al-Zahrani, A.E.; Alshareef, F.H.; Badr, H.A. The Role of Skin-to-Skin Contact and Breastfeeding on Atonic Postpartum Hemorrhage. Nurs. Rep. 2021, 11, 1-11. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nursrep11010001

AMA Style

Almutairi WM, Ludington SM, Quinn Griffin MT, Burant CJ, Al-Zahrani AE, Alshareef FH, Badr HA. The Role of Skin-to-Skin Contact and Breastfeeding on Atonic Postpartum Hemorrhage. Nursing Reports. 2021; 11(1):1-11. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nursrep11010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almutairi, Wedad M., Susan M. Ludington, Mary T. Quinn Griffin, Christopher J. Burant, Ahlam E. Al-Zahrani, Fatmah H. Alshareef, and Hanan A. Badr 2021. "The Role of Skin-to-Skin Contact and Breastfeeding on Atonic Postpartum Hemorrhage" Nursing Reports 11, no. 1: 1-11. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nursrep11010001

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