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Article

Evaluation of Sustainable Energy Security and an Empirical Analysis of China

by 1,2, 1,2 and 3,*
1
Economics and Management School, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
Center for Complexity and Management Research, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
3
School of Economics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1685; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su10051685
Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 18 May 2018 / Published: 22 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Security and Sustainability)
Energy security and sustainability are crucial factors for the development of China. The creation of an evaluation theoretical system of the energy has theoretical and practical significance that is important for ensuring the safe and sustainable development of energy security that matches the national development phase and reflects the sustainable development of national energy. Sustainable energy security must not only take into account the security of energy supply–demand in the long-term and short-term, it must also focus on the coordinated development between energy, the environment, and the economy in China. This paper proposes five dimensions of energy security (availability, accessibility, affordability, acceptability, and develop-ability) to construct China’s Sustainable Energy Security (CSES) evaluation index model. Based on the model, an empirical study of China’s energy security is carried out with data from 2005 to 2015, and dynamic changing trends are analyzed accordingly. The results indicate that availability and develop-ability are the most important weights in China’s Sustainable Energy Security index system, where availability shows a general downward trend, and develop-ability presents an inverted U-type trend, with its lowest point in 2011. From 2008 to 2012, China’s sustainable energy security had been at risk. Taking the year 2010 as the demarcation, two phases were obtained: before and after 2010, during which the level of China’s sustainable energy security first dropped, and then rose. However, compared with 2005, CSES level decreased by 28% in 2015 due to the decline of availability and accessibility. During 2005–2015, China’s energy security system had relative high scores in acceptability and develop-ability, while the sustained downward trend of availability is in need of more regulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sustainable Energy Security (SES); index system; entropy-weight TOPSIS model; evaluation system and model Sustainable Energy Security (SES); index system; entropy-weight TOPSIS model; evaluation system and model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fang, D.; Shi, S.; Yu, Q. Evaluation of Sustainable Energy Security and an Empirical Analysis of China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1685. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su10051685

AMA Style

Fang D, Shi S, Yu Q. Evaluation of Sustainable Energy Security and an Empirical Analysis of China. Sustainability. 2018; 10(5):1685. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su10051685

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fang, Debin, Shanshan Shi, and Qian Yu. 2018. "Evaluation of Sustainable Energy Security and an Empirical Analysis of China" Sustainability 10, no. 5: 1685. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su10051685

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