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Article

Evidence on the Impact of Winter Heating Policy on Air Pollution and Its Dynamic Changes in North China

1
Sun Wah International Business School, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China
2
Research Center for the Economies and Politics of Transitional Countries, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China
3
Department of AFIRM, Scott College of Business, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2728; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11102728
Received: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Sustainability and Applications)
Environmental pollution, especially air pollution, is an alarming issue for the public, which is extensively debated among academic scholars. During the winter heating season, “smog” has become somewhat a normal phenomenon to local residents’ livelihood in northern China. Based on the daily air pollution data of regional cities in China from 2014 to 2016, and using a regression discontinuity design (RDD), the study finds that winter heating makes the air quality worse in the northern part of China. With the start of the winter heating, it increases the Air Quality Index (AQI) by 10.4%, particulate matter smaller than 10 μm (PM10) by 9.77%, particulate matter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) by 17.25%, CO by 9.84%, NO2 by 5.23%, and SO2 by 17.1%. Furthermore, dynamic changes demonstrate that air quality has gradually improved due to a series of heating policy changes implemented by the central government in recent years. Specifically, from 2014 to 2016, major indicators measuring the air pollution decrease dramatically, such as AQI by 92.36%, PM10 by 91.24%, PM2.5 by 84.06%, CO by 70.97%, NO2 by 52.76%, and SO2 by 17.15%. View Full-Text
Keywords: winter heating policy; air pollution; RDD analysis winter heating policy; air pollution; RDD analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, S.; Li, Y.; Haque, M. Evidence on the Impact of Winter Heating Policy on Air Pollution and Its Dynamic Changes in North China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2728. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11102728

AMA Style

Wang S, Li Y, Haque M. Evidence on the Impact of Winter Heating Policy on Air Pollution and Its Dynamic Changes in North China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2728. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11102728

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Shulin, Yongtao Li, and Mahfuzul Haque. 2019. "Evidence on the Impact of Winter Heating Policy on Air Pollution and Its Dynamic Changes in North China" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2728. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11102728

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