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Article

Influence of Surface Water Bodies on the Land Surface Temperature of Bangladesh

1
School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor 81310, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology, Lasbela University of Agriculture Water and Marine Sciences (LUAWMS), Uthal 90150, Pakistan
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
4
College of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China
5
Department of Petroleum, Koya Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil 44001, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(23), 6754; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11236754
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 18 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
Recent climate change has resulted in the reduction of several surface water bodies (SWBs) all around the globe. These SWBs, such as streams, rivers, lakes, wetlands, reservoirs, and creeks have a positive impact on the cooling of the surrounding climate and, therefore, reduction in SWBs can contribute to the rise of land surface temperature (LST). This study presents the impact of SWBs on the LST across Bangladesh to quantify their roles in the rapid temperature rise of Bangladesh. The moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) LST and water mask data of Bangladesh for the period 2000–2015 are used for this purpose. Influences of topography and geography on LST were first removed, and then regression analysis was conducted to quantify the impact of SWBs on the LST. The non-parametric Mann–Kendall (MK) test was used to assess the changes in LST and SWBs. The results revealed that SWBs were reduced from 11,379 km2 in 2000 to 9657 km2 in 2015. The trend analysis showed that changes in SWBs have reduced significantly at a 90% level of confidence, which contributed to the acceleration of LST rise in the country due to global warming. The spatial analysis during the specific years showed that an increase in LST can be seen with the reduction of SWBs. Furthermore, the reduction of 100 m2 of SWBs can reduce the LST of the surrounding regions from −1.2 to −2.2 °C. View Full-Text
Keywords: land surface temperature; surface water bodies; MODIS; Bangladesh land surface temperature; surface water bodies; MODIS; Bangladesh
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, N.; Shahid, S.; Chung, E.-S.; Kim, S.; Ali, R. Influence of Surface Water Bodies on the Land Surface Temperature of Bangladesh. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6754. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11236754

AMA Style

Khan N, Shahid S, Chung E-S, Kim S, Ali R. Influence of Surface Water Bodies on the Land Surface Temperature of Bangladesh. Sustainability. 2019; 11(23):6754. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11236754

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Najeebullah, Shamsuddin Shahid, Eun-Sung Chung, Sungkon Kim, and Rawshan Ali. 2019. "Influence of Surface Water Bodies on the Land Surface Temperature of Bangladesh" Sustainability 11, no. 23: 6754. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su11236754

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