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Article

Does High-Speed Railway Influence Convergence of Urban-Rural Income Gap in China?

1
School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Industrial Engineering and Management, LUT Kouvola, LUT University, Prikaatintie 9, FIN-45100 Kouvola, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4236; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12104236
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 2 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
Transportation is an important factor affecting the balance of regional economic pattern. The construction of high-speed railway enhances the mobility of population, capital, technology and information resources between urban and rural areas. Will it further affect the income gap between urban and rural areas? Based on the nonlinear time-varying factor model, this paper analyzes the convergence of urban-rural income gap with the angle of high-speed railway. After rejecting the assumption of overall convergence in the traditional four economic regions, three convergence clubs of urban-rural income gap were found. For these ordered logit regression model is used to explore the initial factors that may affect the formation of “convergence club”. Empirical results show that the construction of High-speed railway has effectively narrows the urban-rural income gap in China, but it is not the cause of the formation of the three convergence clubs. The convergence effect of High-speed railway on the urban-rural income gap in China is still relatively weak. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-speed railway; income gap; club convergence; nonlinear time-varying factor model high-speed railway; income gap; club convergence; nonlinear time-varying factor model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, W.; Wang, X.; Hilmola, O.-P. Does High-Speed Railway Influence Convergence of Urban-Rural Income Gap in China? Sustainability 2020, 12, 4236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12104236

AMA Style

Li W, Wang X, Hilmola O-P. Does High-Speed Railway Influence Convergence of Urban-Rural Income Gap in China? Sustainability. 2020; 12(10):4236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12104236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Weidong, Xuefang Wang, and Olli-Pekka Hilmola. 2020. "Does High-Speed Railway Influence Convergence of Urban-Rural Income Gap in China?" Sustainability 12, no. 10: 4236. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12104236

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