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What Influences the Servitization Process the Most? A Perspective of Polish Machinery Manufacturers

Faculty of Engineering Management, Bialystok University of Technology, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5056; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12125056
Received: 2 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 21 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
The servitization of manufacturing is an increasingly popular way to win market competition and maintain this advantage as well as to ensure more sustainable development of the manufacturing sector. To make this strategy effective, many aspects should be considered. This study mainly aims to identify the most significant factors influencing the process of servitization in the manufacturing sector. An additional research problem that emerged in the research process was aimed at determining the factors perceived by entrepreneurs as more important compared to others, and, correspondingly, the reasons behind such differences of opinion. This article is supported by the results of a literature review, the outcomes of a questionnaire survey (conducted with 150 Polish machinery manufacturers), and the findings of in-depth interviews with experts. In the light of the results of the quantitative research, the most important aspects that determine the servitization process are customer requirements and preferences; economic and financial aspects; added value for the customer and the company; and also the relations, stakeholders and partners of the service processes. More specific determinants, such as long-lasting and stronger relationships, organizational strategy, legal regulations regarding the provision of long-term services, and the economic benefits of service recipients, were indicated by experts as crucial in product–service integration. Also, employees’ competencies were emphasized as vital for extending the service activity of manufacturing companies. The contribution of this study is twofold. First, it identifies the most important aspects for the analysis of a manufacturer starting out on the servitization path. Second, the study reveals differences in the perception of the importance of certain factors that appear to be related to the experience related to the provision of services by machine manufacturers. Hence, some practical guidelines may be drawn for managers of manufacturing companies who plan to extend their service offer. View Full-Text
Keywords: servitization; product–service integration; manufacturing; servitization determinants servitization; product–service integration; manufacturing; servitization determinants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kozlowska, J. What Influences the Servitization Process the Most? A Perspective of Polish Machinery Manufacturers. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12125056

AMA Style

Kozlowska J. What Influences the Servitization Process the Most? A Perspective of Polish Machinery Manufacturers. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12125056

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kozlowska, Justyna. 2020. "What Influences the Servitization Process the Most? A Perspective of Polish Machinery Manufacturers" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5056. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12125056

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