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Impact of Green Roofs on Energy Demand for Cooling in Egyptian Buildings

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 81542, Egypt
Department of Water Management, Delft University of Technology, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5729;
Received: 2 June 2020 / Revised: 11 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 16 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Surfaces)
Energy consumption for cooling purposes has increased significantly in recent years, mainly due to population growth, urbanization, and climate change consequences. The situation can be mitigated by passive climate solutions to reduce energy consumption in buildings. This study investigated the effectiveness of the green roof concept in reducing energy demand for cooling in different climatic regions. The impact of several types of green roofing of varying thermal conductivity and soil depth on energy consumption for cooling school buildings in Egypt was examined. In a co-simulation approach, the efficiency of the proposed green roof types was evaluated using the Design-Builder software, and a cost analysis was performed for the best options. The results showed that the proposed green roof types saved between 31.61 and 39.74% of energy, on average. A green roof featuring a roof soil depth of 0.1 m and 0.9 W/m-K thermal conductivity exhibited higher efficiency in reducing energy than the other options tested. The decrease in air temperature due to green roofs in hot arid areas, which exceeded an average of 4 °C, was greater than that in other regions that were not as hot. In conclusion, green roofs were shown to be efficient in reducing energy consumption as compared with traditional roofs, especially in hot arid climates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Design-Builder; energy consumption; green roofs; thermal conductivity Design-Builder; energy consumption; green roofs; thermal conductivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ragab, A.; Abdelrady, A. Impact of Green Roofs on Energy Demand for Cooling in Egyptian Buildings. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5729.

AMA Style

Ragab A, Abdelrady A. Impact of Green Roofs on Energy Demand for Cooling in Egyptian Buildings. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5729.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ragab, Ayman, and Ahmed Abdelrady. 2020. "Impact of Green Roofs on Energy Demand for Cooling in Egyptian Buildings" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5729.

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