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Article

Impact of Artificial Intelligence Research on Politics of the European Union Member States: The Case Study of Portugal

by 1,2,*, 2 and 3
1
Industrial Engineering and Management, Lusofona University and DREAMS Research Unit, Campo Grande, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Institute of Social and Political Sciences (ISCSP), CAPP, University of Lisbon, Campus Universitário do Alto da Ajuda, 1300-663 Lisbon, Portugal
3
CISeD—Research Center in Digital Services, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, Campus Politécnico, 3504-510 Viseu, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 6708; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12176708
Received: 24 July 2020 / Revised: 15 August 2020 / Accepted: 16 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
Currently, artificial intelligence (AI) is at the center of academic and public debate. However, its implications on politics remain little understood. To understand the impact of the AI phenomenon on politics of the European Union (EU), we have carried out qualitative multimethod research by performing a systematic literature review and a case study. The first method was performed according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), in order to report the state-of-the-art in the existing literature and explore the most relevant research areas. The second method contained contributions from experts in data science and AI of the Portuguese scientific community. The results showed that solutions such as intelligent decision support systems are improving the political decision-making process and impacting the Portuguese society at local, regional, and national levels. We also found that practitioners and scientists are currently shifting their interests from environmental and biological sciences to healthcare services, which is bringing new challenges in terms of protecting patient/citizen data and growing concerns about handling of critical information. Future research may focus on comparative studies with other EU States to obtain a comprehensive and holistic understanding of the AI phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence; decision-making process; healthcare services; intelligent decision support systems; politics; Portugal; society artificial intelligence; decision-making process; healthcare services; intelligent decision support systems; politics; Portugal; society
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reis, J.; Santo, P.; Melão, N. Impact of Artificial Intelligence Research on Politics of the European Union Member States: The Case Study of Portugal. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6708. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12176708

AMA Style

Reis J, Santo P, Melão N. Impact of Artificial Intelligence Research on Politics of the European Union Member States: The Case Study of Portugal. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):6708. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12176708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reis, João, Paula Santo, and Nuno Melão. 2020. "Impact of Artificial Intelligence Research on Politics of the European Union Member States: The Case Study of Portugal" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 6708. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12176708

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