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Article

Diffusing Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning in the EU

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment, Energy, 42004 Wuppertal, Germany
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8436; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12208436
Received: 24 August 2020 / Revised: 29 September 2020 / Accepted: 12 October 2020 / Published: 13 October 2020
This paper explores how the European Commission promotes the concept of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP) among European cities. Despite the strong uptake of the SUMP concept, mobility-related problems persist in European municipalities. Linking theoretical approaches to understand the diffusion of policies with empirical findings from working with cities in the SUMP context, this article explores channels of policy diffusion and investigates shortcomings related to the respective approaches. Studies on the diffusion, the transfer and the convergence of policies identify formal hierarchy, coercion, competition, learning and networking, and the diffusion of international norms as channels for policy transfer. The findings which are presented in this paper are twofold: First, the paper finds evidence that the Commission takes different roles and uses all mechanisms in parallel, albeit with different intensity. It concludes that the approaches to explain policy diffusion are not competing or mutually exclusive but are applied by the same actor to address different aspects of a policy field, or to reach out to different actors. Second, the article provides first evidence of factors that limit the mechanisms’ abilities to directly influence urban mobility systems and mobility behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable urban mobility planning; sump; policy diffusion; policy transfer; paradigm; urban mobility; transport planning sustainable urban mobility planning; sump; policy diffusion; policy transfer; paradigm; urban mobility; transport planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Werland, S. Diffusing Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning in the EU. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8436. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12208436

AMA Style

Werland S. Diffusing Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning in the EU. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8436. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12208436

Chicago/Turabian Style

Werland, Stefan. 2020. "Diffusing Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning in the EU" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8436. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12208436

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