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Article

Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain)

1
Geography Department, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain
2
GIS & Remote Sensing Service, University of the Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9480; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12229480
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 11 November 2020 / Published: 14 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility and Transport)
Sustainable mobility policies may encounter social, economic, and cultural barriers to successful implementation that need to be assessed. In this sense, knowledge of the population’s mobility habits and their relationship with transport modes is particularly essential. Along these lines, a study was carried out of the patterns of transport modes chosen concerning various social and territorial variables on the island of Mallorca based on the most recent mobility surveys. The study shows that the choice of mode is influenced by a wide range of factors, such as gender, age group, motive for the trip, occupation, region of residence, duration of the trip, and proximity to Palma, the capital of the island. The results indicate that private vehicles are the most often chosen mode of transport. Private vehicles are mainly used by working men between 30 and 44 years old for journeys between home and work, which do not exceed 30 min and are preferably in areas close to Palma. Sustainable modes are little used, although they are mainly used by women, young people, and retired people for work purposes and for access to educational and health centers. The demand for transport generated by the resident population and tourist activity and the negative externalities generated by mobility in private vehicles are closely related on a municipal level (Pearson’s coefficient 0.84, p = 0.00). However, the modal distribution does not seem to be directly related to these factors. Instead, it develops a more conditioned distribution by access to rail transport infrastructures and other geographical factors. In recent years, the Balearic Islands’ public administration launched the Balearic Islands Sectorial Mobility Plan 2019–2026, which aims to promote sustainable modes and reduce the use of private vehicles. This plan represents a considerable economic investment, but will also require great institutional coordination and cultural changes in the population’s perception of mobility. The study shows that the implementation of sustainable modes on the island requires a global vision of mobility issues that integrates urban planning and tourism planning to make the land-use model more sustainable. View Full-Text
Keywords: modal choice; sustainable mobility; Mallorca mobility; logistic regression; transport planning modal choice; sustainable mobility; Mallorca mobility; logistic regression; transport planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Pérez, M.; Seguí-Pons, J.M. Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain). Sustainability 2020, 12, 9480. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12229480

AMA Style

Ruiz-Pérez M, Seguí-Pons JM. Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain). Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9480. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12229480

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz-Pérez, Maurici, and Joana M. Seguí-Pons 2020. "Transport Mode Choice for Residents in a Tourist Destination: The Long Road to Sustainability (the Case of Mallorca, Spain)" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9480. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12229480

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