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Article

Soluble Inorganic Arsenic Species in Atmospheric Submicron Particles in Two Polish Urban Background Sites

1
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences in Zabrze, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 34 Str., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
2
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 166, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 837; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12030837
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 17 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Technologies in Air Treatment)
This paper presents results of the research on soluble inorganic As(III) and As(V) bound to submicron atmospheric particles (PM1) in two Polish urban background sites (Zabrze and Warsaw). The purpose of the research was to give some insight on the susceptibility to leaching of PM1-bound arsenic species from easily water-soluble compounds, i.e., considered potentially bioavailable based on its daily and seasonal changes. Quantitative analysis for 120 PM1 samples (collected from 24 June 2014 to 8 March 2015) was performed by using a high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The mean seasonal concentrations of dominant soluble As specie—As(V)—ranged from 0.27 ng/m3 in the summer season in Warsaw to 2.41 ng/m3 in the winter season in Zabrze. Its mean mass shares in total As were 44% in Warsaw and 75% in Zabrze in the winter and 18% and 48%, respectively, in the summer. Obtained results indicated fossil fuel combustion as the main source of PM1-bound As(V) and road traffic emission as its minor sources. In opposite to As(V), soluble As(III) was not clearly seasonally variable. In both seasons, its mean concentrations were higher in Zabrze than in Warsaw. As(III) concentrations were not preferentially shaped by an exact emission from road traffic in both cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: As(V); As(III); water-soluble arsenic; submicron particles; PM1; HPLC-ICP-MS As(V); As(III); water-soluble arsenic; submicron particles; PM1; HPLC-ICP-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nocoń, K.; Rogula-Kozłowska, W.; Majewski, G.; Rogula-Kopiec, P. Soluble Inorganic Arsenic Species in Atmospheric Submicron Particles in Two Polish Urban Background Sites. Sustainability 2020, 12, 837. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12030837

AMA Style

Nocoń K, Rogula-Kozłowska W, Majewski G, Rogula-Kopiec P. Soluble Inorganic Arsenic Species in Atmospheric Submicron Particles in Two Polish Urban Background Sites. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):837. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12030837

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nocoń, Katarzyna, Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska, Grzegorz Majewski, and Patrycja Rogula-Kopiec. 2020. "Soluble Inorganic Arsenic Species in Atmospheric Submicron Particles in Two Polish Urban Background Sites" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 837. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12030837

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