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Article

Vision-Based Decision-Making Methodology for Riparian Forest Restoration and Flood Protection Using Nature-Based Solutions

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece
2
Natural History Museum of Crete, School of Science and Engineering, University of Crete, 71409 Heraklion, Greece
3
Management Body of Samaria National Park-Western Crete, Old National Road Chania-Kissamos, Kato Daratso, 73100 Chania, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3305; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12083305
Received: 26 March 2020 / Revised: 10 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 18 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nature-Based Solutions for Water Management from Pilot to Standard)
Nature-based solutions (NBS) are actions that use natural processes in a resource efficient manner to solve societal challenges. The lack of supportive legislature, and financial, communication and social barriers complicate the process of NBS implementation. It is an urgent need to develop approaches to design and implement NBS that would act as drivers to overcome potential barriers and enhance the social acceptability of the project. The vision-based decision-making methodology and participatory process created in this study has been carried out in the Koiliaris Critical Zone Observatory in Crete to design erosion and flood protection NBS and restore the riparian forest. The methodology consists of four distinct steps as follows: i) develop a vision of the area, ii) conduct a baseline assessment study, iii) NBS design and co-design, and iv) procurement and implementation. The methodology overcame multiple barriers because of the effective stakeholder engagement and the vision “drove” the project and created the necessary consensus that is necessary to achieve the objective of converting privately owned prime agricultural land to riparian forest. It offers an exemplar of a functional ecosystem restoration project that protects the river in a sustainable way, improves its biodiversity and water quality and improves the quality of life and social cohesion. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature-based solutions; climate change; ecological restoration; flood risk management; stakeholder involvement; decision-making nature-based solutions; climate change; ecological restoration; flood risk management; stakeholder involvement; decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lilli, M.A.; Nerantzaki, S.D.; Riziotis, C.; Kotronakis, M.; Efstathiou, D.; Kontakos, D.; Lymberakis, P.; Avramakis, M.; Tsakirakis, A.; Protopapadakis, K.; Nikolaidis, N.P. Vision-Based Decision-Making Methodology for Riparian Forest Restoration and Flood Protection Using Nature-Based Solutions. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3305. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12083305

AMA Style

Lilli MA, Nerantzaki SD, Riziotis C, Kotronakis M, Efstathiou D, Kontakos D, Lymberakis P, Avramakis M, Tsakirakis A, Protopapadakis K, Nikolaidis NP. Vision-Based Decision-Making Methodology for Riparian Forest Restoration and Flood Protection Using Nature-Based Solutions. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3305. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12083305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lilli, Maria A., Sofia D. Nerantzaki, Christos Riziotis, Manolis Kotronakis, Dionissis Efstathiou, Dimitris Kontakos, Petros Lymberakis, Manolis Avramakis, Antonis Tsakirakis, Konstantinos Protopapadakis, and Nikolaos P. Nikolaidis. 2020. "Vision-Based Decision-Making Methodology for Riparian Forest Restoration and Flood Protection Using Nature-Based Solutions" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3305. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su12083305

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