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Article

Quantifying Ecosystem Services of High Mountain Lakes across Different Socio-Ecological Contexts

1
Department of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Sternwartestrasse 15, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Institute for Alpine Environment, Eurac Research, Viale Druso 1, 39100 Bolzano, BZ, Italy
3
Department for Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Mondseestrasse 9, 5310 Mondsee, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jose Navarro Pedreño, António Dinis Ferreira, Peter Goethals, Eun-Sung Chung and Vincenzo Torretta
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6051; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13116051
Received: 6 May 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reviews, Advances and Applications in Environmental Sustainability)
Mountain lakes are highly sensitive to global change, requiring sustainable management strategies that support crucial ecosystem services (ES). However, small mountain lakes are rarely in the focus of ES assessments, and indicators are potentially lacking. Therefore, this study aimed at comprehensively assessing key ES of 15 study lakes located in two regions in the European Alps. We involved local stakeholders and experts to identify important ES. We quantified eight ES in non-monetary terms, using 29 indicators based on limnological, spatial and socio-economic data. Finally, we evaluated ES in relation to the socio-ecological context of the study lakes. The most important ES included surface water for non-drinking purposes, maintaining populations and habitats, outdoor recreation, aesthetic value, entertainment and representation, scientific research, education as well as existence, option, or bequest value. Quantitative results indicate varying levels of ES across the study lakes. Based on 12 different socio-ecological variables, we identified four groups of lakes differing also in five ES. Maintaining populations and habitats, aesthetic value as well as existence, option or bequest value were rather independent from the socio-ecological context. Our findings contribute to a deeper understanding of ES of mountain lakes, also supporting the development of sustainable management strategies in mountain regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem service indicators; quantification; socio-ecological system; European Alps; cluster analysis ecosystem service indicators; quantification; socio-ecological system; European Alps; cluster analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schirpke, U.; Ebner, M.; Pritsch, H.; Fontana, V.; Kurmayer, R. Quantifying Ecosystem Services of High Mountain Lakes across Different Socio-Ecological Contexts. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6051. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13116051

AMA Style

Schirpke U, Ebner M, Pritsch H, Fontana V, Kurmayer R. Quantifying Ecosystem Services of High Mountain Lakes across Different Socio-Ecological Contexts. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6051. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13116051

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schirpke, Uta, Manuel Ebner, Hanna Pritsch, Veronika Fontana, and Rainer Kurmayer. 2021. "Quantifying Ecosystem Services of High Mountain Lakes across Different Socio-Ecological Contexts" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6051. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13116051

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