Next Article in Journal
A Comprehensive Review on Residential Demand Side Management Strategies in Smart Grid Environment
Next Article in Special Issue
Appropriate Housing Typologies, Effective Land Management and the Question of Density in Muscat, Oman
Previous Article in Journal
Study of the Tourism Competitiveness Model of the World Economic Forum Using Rasch’s Mathematical Model: The Case of Portugal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Densify and Expand: A Global Analysis of Recent Urban Growth
Article

Crowded Cities: New Methodology in COVID-19 Risk Assessment

World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Victoria A. Beard and Edgar Pieterse
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7167; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13137167
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 31 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 June 2021 / Published: 25 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rethinking Urban Population Density and Sustainable Cities)
In this paper, we provide a novel approach to distinguish livable urban densities from crowded cities and describe how this distinction has proved to be critical in predicting COVID-19 contagion hotspots in cities in low- and middle-income country. Urban population density—considered as the ratio of population to land area, without reference to floor space consumption or other measures of livability—can have large drawbacks. To address this drawback and distinguish between density and crowding, it is important to adjust for measures of floor space as well as open space and neighborhood amenities. We use a dataset on building heights, representative of cities worldwide, to measure densities based on floor area consumption per person as well as apply this measure to develop a COVID-19 hotspot predictive tool to help city leaders prioritize civic and medical resources during the pandemic. We conclude by outlining priority interventions that could enable city leaders and local governments to transform crowded cities into livable places. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban density; crowding; COVID 19 urban density; crowding; COVID 19
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lall, S.V.; Wahba, S.N. Crowded Cities: New Methodology in COVID-19 Risk Assessment. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7167. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13137167

AMA Style

Lall SV, Wahba SN. Crowded Cities: New Methodology in COVID-19 Risk Assessment. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7167. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13137167

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lall, Somik V., and Sameh N. Wahba 2021. "Crowded Cities: New Methodology in COVID-19 Risk Assessment" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7167. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13137167

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop