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Article

Association between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in Spanish People with Asthma-COPD Overlap

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Murcia, San Javier, 30720 Murcia, Spain
2
Centre for Health, Performance and Wellbeing, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7580; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13147580
Received: 7 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Health and Sustainability)
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are important conditions which often coexist. Higher rates of comorbidities among people with asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) may complicate clinical management. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of 30 different comorbidities and to analyze associations between these comorbidities and physical activity (PA) in Spanish people with ACO. Cross-sectional data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 were analyzed. A total of 198 Spanish people with ACO aged 15–69 years (60.6% women) were included in this study. PA was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form. Diagnosis of chronic conditions were self-reported. Associations between PA and comorbidities were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression models. The most prevalent comorbidities were chronic allergy (58.1%), chronic lumbar pain (42.4%), chronic cervical pain (38.4%), hypertension (33.3%) and arthrosis (31.8%). A PA level lower than 600 MET·min/week was significantly associated with urinary incontinence (OR = 3.499, 95% CI = 1.369–8.944) and osteoporosis (OR = 3.056, 95% CI = 1.094–8.538) in the final adjusted model. Therefore, the potential influence of PA on reducing the risk of these conditions among people with ACO should be considered, not only because of the health benefits, but also because PA can contribute to a more sustainable world. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory conditions; exercise; sustainability; multimorbidity respiratory conditions; exercise; sustainability; multimorbidity
MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez Castillo, S.; Smith, L.; Díaz Suárez, A.; López Sánchez, G.F. Association between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in Spanish People with Asthma-COPD Overlap. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7580. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13147580

AMA Style

Sánchez Castillo S, Smith L, Díaz Suárez A, López Sánchez GF. Association between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in Spanish People with Asthma-COPD Overlap. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):7580. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13147580

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez Castillo, Sheila, Lee Smith, Arturo Díaz Suárez, and Guillermo F. López Sánchez 2021. "Association between Physical Activity and Comorbidities in Spanish People with Asthma-COPD Overlap" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7580. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13147580

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