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Article

Cumulative Frequency of Nature Dose: How Continuous and Regular Forest Walking Improves Nature Relatedness, Restorativeness, and Learning Engagement in College Students

by 1,* and 2
1
Graduate Institute of Landscape Architecture and Recreation Management, National Pingtung University of Science & Technology, Pingtung 912301, Taiwan
2
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106032, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Changwoo Ahn
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11370; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su132011370
Received: 8 September 2021 / Revised: 9 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Innovation Thinking of Urban Green on Human Health)
Forest is a natural resource that provides natural walking as a popular leisure activity for urban residents. From the perspective of “dose of nature”, continuous contact with natural environments and engagement in natural activities can gradually promote positive health benefits. This study aims to explore the “cumulative frequency of nature dose” through regular forest walking. Ten college students were recruited to walk once a week for 30 min in the campus forest. Eight weeks of forest walking experiences were collected by administering questionnaires on nature relatedness, mental health, restorativeness, and learning engagement before the first walk, as well as after the fourth and the eighth walks. The findings of this study revealed that regular forest activities can induce accumulated natural benefits. By taking at least 30 min of forest walks once a week continuously for eight weeks, the subjects improved their mental health, increased learning engagement in school, gained more attention recovery and reflection experiences, and re-established a relationship with nature. In addition, different doses of natural benefits were observed for different cumulative processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: college student; cumulative frequency; exposure to nature; forest walking; human-nature experience; natural benefits; nature dose; nature relatedness college student; cumulative frequency; exposure to nature; forest walking; human-nature experience; natural benefits; nature dose; nature relatedness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chou, W.-Y.; Hung, S.-H. Cumulative Frequency of Nature Dose: How Continuous and Regular Forest Walking Improves Nature Relatedness, Restorativeness, and Learning Engagement in College Students. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11370. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su132011370

AMA Style

Chou W-Y, Hung S-H. Cumulative Frequency of Nature Dose: How Continuous and Regular Forest Walking Improves Nature Relatedness, Restorativeness, and Learning Engagement in College Students. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11370. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su132011370

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chou, Wan-Yu, and Shih-Han Hung. 2021. "Cumulative Frequency of Nature Dose: How Continuous and Regular Forest Walking Improves Nature Relatedness, Restorativeness, and Learning Engagement in College Students" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11370. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su132011370

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