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Article

Predicting the Areas of Suitable Distribution for Zelkova serrata in China under Climate Change

by 1 and 2,*
1
College of Horticultural Science and Technology, Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture, Suzhou 215008, China
2
College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tirupati Bolisetti
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1493; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031493
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 28 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrology and Climate-Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation)
Predicting the geographic distribution of a species together with its response to climate change is of great significance for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem sustainable development. Zelkova serrata is an excellent shelterbelt tree species that is used for soil and water conservation due to the fact of its well-developed root system, strong soil fixation, and wind resistance. However, the wild germplasm resources of Z. serrata have been increasingly depleted due to the fact of its weak ability to regenerate naturally and the unprecedented damage humans have caused to the natural habitats. The present work using Maxent aimed to model the current potential distribution of this species as well as in the future, assess how various environmental factors affect species distribution, and identify the shifts in the distribution of this species in various climate change scenarios. Our findings show habitat in provinces in the southern Qinling and Huai river basins have high environmental suitability. Temperature seasonality, annual precipitation, annual mean temperature, and warmest quarter precipitation were the most important factors affecting its distribution. Under a climate change scenario, the appropriate habitat range showed northeastward expansion geographically. The results in the present work can lay the foundation for the cultivation and conservation of Z. serrata. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zelkova serrata; Maxent; potential suitable distribution; environment factors; climate change Zelkova serrata; Maxent; potential suitable distribution; environment factors; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, C.; Tao, J. Predicting the Areas of Suitable Distribution for Zelkova serrata in China under Climate Change. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031493

AMA Style

Cao C, Tao J. Predicting the Areas of Suitable Distribution for Zelkova serrata in China under Climate Change. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031493

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cao, Chunyan, and Jun Tao. 2021. "Predicting the Areas of Suitable Distribution for Zelkova serrata in China under Climate Change" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1493. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13031493

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