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Article

Cardiac Autonomic Effects of Yearly Athletic Retreats on Elite Basket Players: Usefulness of a Unitary Autonomic Nervous System Indicator

1
BIOMETRA Department, University of Milan, Via Festa del Perdono, 7, 20122 Milan, Italy
2
Exercise Medicine Unit, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Via Alessandro Manzoni, 56, 20089 Rozzano, Italy
3
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Largo Agostino Gemelli, 8, 00168 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Sciences, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Largo Francesco Vito, 1, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Santos Villafaina, Juan Pedro Fuentes García and Daniel Collado-Mateo
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2330; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13042330
Received: 6 January 2021 / Revised: 7 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 21 February 2021
In most sports athletic performance is determined by a combination of hard and soft modifiable components, encompassing physical and psychological elements that can be assessed with modern techniques based respectively on simple friendly methods: analysis of HRV and questionnaires. Specifically a novel % rank Autonomic Nervous System Indicator (ANSI) seems particularly useful also in elite sports. In this investigation we assessed ANSI capacity to detect the expected changes in cardiac autonomic regulation induced in the Italian basketball team by the participation (18 subjects) to the yearly biweekly Alpine training summer camp. We observed that ANSI increased from 58.8 ± 32.5 to 81.7 ± 27.5 (at the end of training camp) and did not change further in the subsequent initial weeks of competition season (overall p < 0.001). Congruent changes were observed in non-linear indices. Concomitantly indices of somatic symptoms were slightly reduced just at the end of the alpine training. We conclude that analysis of HRV and questionnaires might offer a simple, useful technique to monitor changes in cardiac autonomic regulation and psychological state in elite athletes providing a convenient additional element to evaluation of training routines also in the fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: team sports; autonomic cardiac regulation; spectral analysis; stress; training team sports; autonomic cardiac regulation; spectral analysis; stress; training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lucini, D.; Galiuto, L.; Malacarne, M.; Meucci, M.C.; Pagani, M. Cardiac Autonomic Effects of Yearly Athletic Retreats on Elite Basket Players: Usefulness of a Unitary Autonomic Nervous System Indicator. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2330. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13042330

AMA Style

Lucini D, Galiuto L, Malacarne M, Meucci MC, Pagani M. Cardiac Autonomic Effects of Yearly Athletic Retreats on Elite Basket Players: Usefulness of a Unitary Autonomic Nervous System Indicator. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2330. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13042330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lucini, Daniela, Leonarda Galiuto, Mara Malacarne, Maria C. Meucci, and Massimo Pagani. 2021. "Cardiac Autonomic Effects of Yearly Athletic Retreats on Elite Basket Players: Usefulness of a Unitary Autonomic Nervous System Indicator" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2330. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13042330

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