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Article

Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems in Spain: A Diagnosis

1
Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Ingeniería del Agua y Medio Ambiente (IIAMA), Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Water and Environmental Engineering Group (GEAMA), Universidade da Coruña, Elviña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
3
Green Blue Management, S.L. (TYPSA Group), Paterna, 46980 Valencia, Spain
4
GITECO Research Group, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2791; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13052791
Received: 4 February 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Surfaces)
Sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) were almost unknown in Spain two decades ago; today, urban drainage in the country is transitioning towards a more sustainable and regenerative management in a global context where green policies are gaining prominence. This research establishes a diagnosis of SUDS in Spain and examines the extent to which the country is moving towards the new paradigm in three dimensions: (a) the governance and social perception of the community, (b) the regulative background, and (c) the implementation and the technical performance of SUDS. The diagnosis identifies barriers that hinder the change. Then, we define the challenges that Spain has to face to overcome obstacles that delay the transition. Barriers to the governance sphere are related to the lack of involvement, knowledge, and organisational responsibilities. Within the regulative framework, the absence of national standards hinders the general implementation at the national scale, although few regional and local authorities are taking steps in the right direction with their own regulations. From the technical perspective, SUDS performance within the Spanish context was determined, although some shortcomings are still to be investigated. Despite the slowdown caused by the hard recession periods and the more recent political instability, SUDS implementation in Spain is today a fact, and the country is close to reaching the stabilisation stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: SUDS; nature-based solutions; change management; technical performance; legislation; social perception; governance; regenerative policies SUDS; nature-based solutions; change management; technical performance; legislation; social perception; governance; regenerative policies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrés-Doménech, I.; Anta, J.; Perales-Momparler, S.; Rodriguez-Hernandez, J. Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems in Spain: A Diagnosis. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2791. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13052791

AMA Style

Andrés-Doménech I, Anta J, Perales-Momparler S, Rodriguez-Hernandez J. Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems in Spain: A Diagnosis. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2791. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13052791

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrés-Doménech, Ignacio, Jose Anta, Sara Perales-Momparler, and Jorge Rodriguez-Hernandez. 2021. "Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems in Spain: A Diagnosis" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2791. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13052791

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