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Analysis of Changes in Suitable Habitat Areas of Paridae through Rooftop Greening Simulation—Case Study of Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea

1
Graduate School, Department of Environment Landscape Architecture, Cheongju University, Cheongju 28503, Korea
2
Department of Human Environment Design, Cheongju University, Cheongju 28503, Korea
3
Department of Ecological Landscape Architecture Design, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric Goberville
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4514; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084514
Received: 7 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 April 2021 / Published: 19 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability, Biodiversity and Conservation)
As many people live in cities that lack green space, biodiversity in such areas is decreasing. Suwon, the study site, a city that strives to improve its biodiversity, is close to the capital city of the Republic of Korea (ROK), and has a large population. This study aims to identify habitat-suitable areas using the longitudinal distribution model in Suwon-si, examine habitat changes when rooftop greening scenarios are applied to various use areas, and distinguish efficient use areas to expand the number of forms. To establish a rooftop greening creation scenario, the area was calculated based on the rooftop greening promotion plan in the metropolitan area, and a representative use area where rooftop greening can be applied was selected. To generate a scenario for creating rooftop greening, the property of the green area was assigned to the corresponding use area, and it was produced as an environmental variable, while the species distribution model was driven. As a result of the study, the area of increase in habitat area according to the rooftop greening for each usage area was derived, and the efficiency of the increase in habitat area compared to the rooftop greening area for each usage area was derived. To improve biodiversity in Suwon-si, rooftop greening in residential areas was found to be the most efficient, and rooftop greening efficiency in commercial areas was the lowest. It is expected that information on the increase and efficiency of the habitat of the wild birds due to rooftop greening by area of use derived from this study will help establish a rooftop greening plan and support decision-making to promote biodiversity in the city. View Full-Text
Keywords: species distribution model; green roof scenario; type of building; MAXENT model species distribution model; green roof scenario; type of building; MAXENT model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baek, K.Y.; Kim, H.G.; Kil, S.-H. Analysis of Changes in Suitable Habitat Areas of Paridae through Rooftop Greening Simulation—Case Study of Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084514

AMA Style

Baek KY, Kim HG, Kil S-H. Analysis of Changes in Suitable Habitat Areas of Paridae through Rooftop Greening Simulation—Case Study of Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084514

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baek, Kyung Y., Ho G. Kim, and Sung-Ho Kil. 2021. "Analysis of Changes in Suitable Habitat Areas of Paridae through Rooftop Greening Simulation—Case Study of Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4514. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084514

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