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A Multilevel Model of Environmentally Specific Social Identity in Predicting Environmental Strategies: Evidence from Technology Manufacturing Businesses

1
Department (Master Program) of Financial Technology, School of Financial Technology, Ming Chuan University, Taipei 111, Taiwan
2
Department of Tourism Management, Nanhua University, Chiayi 62248, Taiwan
3
Department of Marketing and Logistics Management, College of Business Management, Chihlee University of Technology, New Taipei 22050, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David K. Ding
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4567; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084567
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
This study proposed a multilevel model of environmentally specific social identity based on upper echelons theory and examined how environmentally specific transformational leadership influenced the environmentally specific social identity of the top management team (TMT), which consequently influenced a corporation’s choices of proactive environmental strategies. Besides, the environmentally specific transformational leadership atmosphere at the TMT level also influenced the environmentally specific social identity atmosphere at the TMT level, which consequently influenced a corporation’s choices of proactive environmental strategies at the same time. In particular, this study proposed a novel concept–environmentally specific social identity based on social identity theory, including environmentally specific self-categorization, environmentally specific affective commitment, environmentally specific self-esteem. This study employed a hierarchical linear model and collected longitudinal data of 210 chief executive officers with their 840 members of TMTs at technology manufacturing businesses of Greater China at three waves over six months to analyze the theoretical model. This study found that individual-level environmentally specific transformational leadership and TMT-level environmentally specific transformational leadership (atmosphere) influenced individual-level environmentally specific social identity and TMT-level environmentally specific social identity (atmosphere), which consequently influenced proactive environmental strategies. These findings provide theoretical insights for the field of sustainable development that can advance the literature on proactive environmental strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmentally specific transformational leadership; environmentally specific social identity; hierarchical linear model; proactive environmental strategies environmentally specific transformational leadership; environmentally specific social identity; hierarchical linear model; proactive environmental strategies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, S.Y.B.; Ting, C.-W.; Fei, Y.-M. A Multilevel Model of Environmentally Specific Social Identity in Predicting Environmental Strategies: Evidence from Technology Manufacturing Businesses. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4567. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084567

AMA Style

Huang SYB, Ting C-W, Fei Y-M. A Multilevel Model of Environmentally Specific Social Identity in Predicting Environmental Strategies: Evidence from Technology Manufacturing Businesses. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4567. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084567

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Stanley Y.B., Chih-Wen Ting, and Yu-Ming Fei. 2021. "A Multilevel Model of Environmentally Specific Social Identity in Predicting Environmental Strategies: Evidence from Technology Manufacturing Businesses" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4567. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13084567

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