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Article

Integration Versus Fragmentation, the Role of Minor Rural Networks in Rural Cultural Landscapes. A Study-Case in Spain

Department of Geography and Land Planning, Faculty de Letras, Campus de Ciudad Real, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
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Academic Editor: Alejandro Rescia
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4765; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094765
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 19 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape Fragmentation and Sustainable Environmental Assessment)
This work deals with the dichotomy between integration and fragmentation caused by artificial elements in the cultural landscapes, especially minor rural roads. In Europe, the rural matrix dominates the configuration of landscapes, and the agents of fragmentation can be analysed from different perspectives. For this purpose, the Land Parcel Information System, designed for the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) is used as a data source to feed the indicators, allowing a high detail analysis, down to the parcel unit. It is applied to a case-study in Spain: the province of Ciudad Real. Here we find different landscape units with different rural and agrarian profiles to test the hypothesis. We use three indicators that allow us to explore the configuration of different cultural landscapes under the fragmentation perspective, using minor rural roads and other elements of the rural matrix that can only be observed at large scale. Then we calculate a composite indicator summarizing the fragmentation results of each unit. Results reveal a significative variability of fragmentation results regarding the land use and spatial patterns of the different cultural landscapes dominated by agrarian and rural factors, with a strong correspondence with the minor rural network underneath. Therefore, fragmentation can be interpreted as a dual process in cultural landscapes where the different land uses have different relations with the infrastructure network. View Full-Text
Keywords: minor rural networks; landscape fragmentation; agricultural landscapes; spatial indicators; Land Parcel Information System (LPIS) minor rural networks; landscape fragmentation; agricultural landscapes; spatial indicators; Land Parcel Information System (LPIS)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tabasco, J.P.; Martínez Sánchez-Mateos, H.S. Integration Versus Fragmentation, the Role of Minor Rural Networks in Rural Cultural Landscapes. A Study-Case in Spain. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094765

AMA Style

Tabasco JP, Martínez Sánchez-Mateos HS. Integration Versus Fragmentation, the Role of Minor Rural Networks in Rural Cultural Landscapes. A Study-Case in Spain. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094765

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tabasco, Julio P., and Héctor S. Martínez Sánchez-Mateos 2021. "Integration Versus Fragmentation, the Role of Minor Rural Networks in Rural Cultural Landscapes. A Study-Case in Spain" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4765. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13094765

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