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Article

Validation of MODIS C6 Dark Target Aerosol Products at 3 km and 10 km Spatial Resolutions Over the China Seas and the Eastern Indian Ocean

1
School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 2100444, China
2
School of Marine Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 2100444, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 8 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Remote Sensing)
In this study, MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection 6 (C6) level-2 Dark Target (DT) Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) products at 3 km (DT3K) and 10 km (DT10K) spatial resolutions were validated over the China seas and the eastern Indian Ocean against Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN) Level 1.5 AOD measurements collected through 13 cruises from 2010 to 2014. For this, DT3K and DT10K AOD observations were obtained from four Scientific Data Sets (SDS), i.e., “Effective_Optical_Depth_Average_Ocean” (EODAOAOD), “Effective_Optical_Depth_Best_Ocean” (EODBOAOD), “Image_Optical_Depth_Land_And_Ocean” (IODLAOAOD) and “Optical_Depth_Land_And_Ocean” (ODLAOAOD). The MAN AOD measurements were filtered within (i) ±2 h, (ii) ±4 h, (iii) ±6 h, and (iv) ±12 h of MODIS overpass time. Results showed that the DT10K and DT3K performed equally over the China seas and the eastern Indian Ocean in terms of retrievals quality and agreement with the MAN AOD measurements, whereas the DT3K has less coincident observations than the DT10K. For seasonal analysis, larger underestimation in the DT algorithm was observed in autumn followed by spring, whereas retrievals were well correlated with the MAN AOD data in summer. Overall, this study found that ODLAOAOD observations for the DT3K and DT10K were much better than EODAOAOD, EODBOAOD and IODLAOAOD in terms of high correlation and a large percentage of the AOD retrievals within the Expected Error (EE = +(0.04 + 10%), −(0.02 + 10%)). View Full-Text
Keywords: MODIS; AOD; Validation; DT; MAN MODIS; AOD; Validation; DT; MAN
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, X.; Bilal, M.; Qiu, Z.; Sun, D.; Wang, S.; Zhu, W. Validation of MODIS C6 Dark Target Aerosol Products at 3 km and 10 km Spatial Resolutions Over the China Seas and the Eastern Indian Ocean. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs10040573

AMA Style

Shen X, Bilal M, Qiu Z, Sun D, Wang S, Zhu W. Validation of MODIS C6 Dark Target Aerosol Products at 3 km and 10 km Spatial Resolutions Over the China Seas and the Eastern Indian Ocean. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(4):573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs10040573

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Xiaojing, Muhammad Bilal, Zhongfeng Qiu, Deyong Sun, Shengqiang Wang, and Weijun Zhu. 2018. "Validation of MODIS C6 Dark Target Aerosol Products at 3 km and 10 km Spatial Resolutions Over the China Seas and the Eastern Indian Ocean" Remote Sensing 10, no. 4: 573. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs10040573

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