The International Space Station has become the platform for deploying hyperspectral sensors covering the solar reflective spectral range for earth observation. Intercalibration of hyperspectral sensors plays a crucial role in evaluating/improving radiometric consistency. When intercalibrating between hyperspectral sensors, spectral band adjustment is required to mitigate the effects of differences between the relative spectral responses (RSRs) of the sensors. Errors in spectral parameters used in spectral band adjustment are propagated through to the adjustment results. The present study analytically approximated the uncertainty in the spectral band adjustment for evaluating the relative contributions of uncertainties in parameters associated with the exo-atmosphere, atmosphere, and surface to the total uncertainty. Numerical simulations using the derived equations were conducted to perform a sensitivity analysis for the case of the spectral band adjustment between the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) Pathfinder (CPF) and the Hyperspectral Imager Suite (HISUI). The results show that the effects of errors in the solar irradiance were greater than those of other sources of error, indicating that accurate estimates of atmospheric reflectances and tranismittances are not needed for spectral band adjustment between CPF and HISUI in the atmospheric windows. The accuracy of the analytical approximation was also evaluated in the simulations. The framework of the sensitivity analysis is applicable to other pairs of hyperspectral sensors.
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