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Article

Hierarchical Sparse Subspace Clustering (HESSC): An Automatic Approach for Hyperspectral Image Analysis

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Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF), Division of “Exploration Technology”, Chemnitzer Str. 40, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
2
HZDR-HIF, Division of “Modelling and Valuation”, Chemnitzer Str. 40, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2020, 12(15), 2421; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12152421
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 26 July 2020 / Published: 28 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hyperspectral and Multispectral Imaging in Geology)
Hyperspectral imaging techniques are becoming one of the most important tools to remotely acquire fine spectral information on different objects. However, hyperspectral images (HSIs) require dedicated processing for most applications. Therefore, several machine learning techniques were proposed in the last decades. Among the proposed machine learning techniques, unsupervised learning techniques have become popular as they do not need any prior knowledge. Specifically, sparse subspace-based clustering algorithms have drawn special attention to cluster the HSI into meaningful groups since such algorithms are able to handle high dimensional and highly mixed data, as is the case in real-world applications. Nonetheless, sparse subspace-based clustering algorithms usually tend to demand high computational power and can be time-consuming. In addition, the number of clusters is usually predefined. In this paper, we propose a new hierarchical sparse subspace-based clustering algorithm (HESSC), which handles the aforementioned problems in a robust and fast manner and estimates the number of clusters automatically. In the experiment, HESSC is applied to three real drill-core samples and one well-known rural benchmark (i.e., Trento) HSI datasets. In order to evaluate the performance of HESSC, the performance of the new proposed algorithm is quantitatively and qualitatively compared to the state-of-the-art sparse subspace-based algorithms. In addition, in order to have a comparison with conventional clustering algorithms, HESSC’s performance is compared with K-means and FCM. The obtained clustering results demonstrate that HESSC performs well when clustering HSIs compared to the other applied clustering algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperspectral images; subspace-based clustering; hierarchical structure; unsupervised learning; sparse representation; ensemble learning hyperspectral images; subspace-based clustering; hierarchical structure; unsupervised learning; sparse representation; ensemble learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rafiezadeh Shahi, K.; Khodadadzadeh, M.; Tusa, L.; Ghamisi, P.; Tolosana-Delgado, R.; Gloaguen, R. Hierarchical Sparse Subspace Clustering (HESSC): An Automatic Approach for Hyperspectral Image Analysis. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 2421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12152421

AMA Style

Rafiezadeh Shahi K, Khodadadzadeh M, Tusa L, Ghamisi P, Tolosana-Delgado R, Gloaguen R. Hierarchical Sparse Subspace Clustering (HESSC): An Automatic Approach for Hyperspectral Image Analysis. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(15):2421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12152421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rafiezadeh Shahi, Kasra, Mahdi Khodadadzadeh, Laura Tusa, Pedram Ghamisi, Raimon Tolosana-Delgado, and Richard Gloaguen. 2020. "Hierarchical Sparse Subspace Clustering (HESSC): An Automatic Approach for Hyperspectral Image Analysis" Remote Sensing 12, no. 15: 2421. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12152421

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