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Article

Temporal Variation and Spatial Structure of the Kuroshio-Induced Submesoscale Island Vortices Observed from GCOM-C and Himawari-8 Data

Department of Marine Environmental Informatics, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 20224, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 7 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 March 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
Dynamics of ocean current-induced island wake has been an important issue in global oceanography. Green Island, a small island located off southeast of Taiwan on the Kuroshio path was selected as the study area to more understand the spatial structure and temporal variation of well-organized vortices formed by the interaction between the Kuroshio and the island. Sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration data derived from the Himawari-8 satellite and the second generation global imager (SGLI) of global change observation mission (GCOM-C) were used in this study. The spatial SST and Chl-a variations in designed observation lines and the cooling zone transitions on the left and right sides of the vortices were investigated using 250 m spatial resolution GCOM-C data. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model (MITgcm) simulation confirmed that the positive and negative vortices were sequentially detached from each other in a few hours. In addition, totals of 101 vortexes from July 2015 to December 2019 were calculated from the 1-h temporal resolution Himawari-8 imagery. The average vortex propagation speed was 0.95 m/s. Totals of 38 cases of two continuous vortices suggested that the average vortex shedding period is 14.8 h with 1.15 m/s of the average incoming surface current speed of Green Island, and the results agreed to the ideal Strouhal-Reynolds number fitting curve relation. Combined with the satellite observation and numerical model simulation, this study demonstrates the structure of the wake area could change quickly, and the water may mix in different vorticity states for each observation station. View Full-Text
Keywords: island wake; vortex; sea surface temperature; chlorophyll-a; Himawari-8; GCOM-C island wake; vortex; sea surface temperature; chlorophyll-a; Himawari-8; GCOM-C
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, P.-C.; Ho, C.-Y.; Lee, H.-J.; Lu, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-R. Temporal Variation and Spatial Structure of the Kuroshio-Induced Submesoscale Island Vortices Observed from GCOM-C and Himawari-8 Data. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 883. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050883

AMA Style

Hsu P-C, Ho C-Y, Lee H-J, Lu C-Y, Ho C-R. Temporal Variation and Spatial Structure of the Kuroshio-Induced Submesoscale Island Vortices Observed from GCOM-C and Himawari-8 Data. Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(5):883. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050883

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsu, Po-Chun, Chia-Ying Ho, Hung-Jen Lee, Ching-Yuan Lu, and Chung-Ru Ho. 2020. "Temporal Variation and Spatial Structure of the Kuroshio-Induced Submesoscale Island Vortices Observed from GCOM-C and Himawari-8 Data" Remote Sensing 12, no. 5: 883. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050883

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