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Article

Pars pro toto—Remote Sensing Data for the Reconstruction of a Rounded Chalcolithic Site from NE Romania: The Case of Ripiceni–Holm Settlement (Cucuteni Culture)

1
Interdisciplinary Research Institute—Science Department (Arheoinvest Centre), Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași (UAIC), St. Lascăr Catargi 54, 700107 Iași, Romania
2
High North Department, Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 7 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
Prehistoric sites in NE Romania are facing major threats more than ever, both from natural and human-induced hazards. One of the main reasons are the climate change determined natural disasters, but human-induced activities should also not be neglected. The situation is critical for Chalcolithic sites, with a very high density in the region and minimal traces at the surface, that are greatly affected by one or more natural hazards and/or anthropic interventions. The case study, Ripiceni–Holm, belonging to Cucuteni culture, is one of the most important Chalcolithic discoveries in the region. It is also the first evidence from Romania of a concentric arrangement of buildings in the proto-urban mega-sites tradition in Cucuteni-Trypillia cultural complex, and a solid piece of evidence in terms of irreversible natural and anthropic destruction. Using archival cartographic material, alongside non-destructive and high-resolution airborne sensing and ground-based geophysical techniques (LiDAR, total field and vertical gradient magnetometry), we managed to detect diachronic erosion processes for 31 years, to identify a complex internal spatial organization of the actual site and to outline a possible layout of the initial extent of the settlement. The erosion was determined with the help of the DSAS tool and highlighted an average erosion rate of 0.96 m/year. The main results argue a high percent of site destruction (approximately 45%) and the presence of an active shoreline affecting the integrity of the cultural layer. View Full-Text
Keywords: underground archaeological heritage; natural and human-induced hazards; Chalcolithic Cucuteni culture; archival maps; LiDAR; magnetic prospection; DSAS; NE Romania underground archaeological heritage; natural and human-induced hazards; Chalcolithic Cucuteni culture; archival maps; LiDAR; magnetic prospection; DSAS; NE Romania
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MDPI and ACS Style

Asăndulesei, A.; Tencariu, F.A.; Nicu, I.C. Pars pro toto—Remote Sensing Data for the Reconstruction of a Rounded Chalcolithic Site from NE Romania: The Case of Ripiceni–Holm Settlement (Cucuteni Culture). Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 887. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050887

AMA Style

Asăndulesei A, Tencariu FA, Nicu IC. Pars pro toto—Remote Sensing Data for the Reconstruction of a Rounded Chalcolithic Site from NE Romania: The Case of Ripiceni–Holm Settlement (Cucuteni Culture). Remote Sensing. 2020; 12(5):887. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050887

Chicago/Turabian Style

Asăndulesei, Andrei, Felix A. Tencariu, and Ionut C. Nicu 2020. "Pars pro toto—Remote Sensing Data for the Reconstruction of a Rounded Chalcolithic Site from NE Romania: The Case of Ripiceni–Holm Settlement (Cucuteni Culture)" Remote Sensing 12, no. 5: 887. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs12050887

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