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Article

Mapping Alteration Mineralogy in Eastern Tsogttsetsii, Mongolia, Based on the WorldView-3 and Field Shortwave-Infrared Spectroscopy Analyses

Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Olga Sykioti, Konstantinos Koutroumbas and Amin Beiranvand Pour
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 2 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hyperspectral and Multispectral Imaging in Geology)
This study produces alteration mineral maps based on WorldView-3 (WV-3) data and field shortwave-infrared (SWIR) spectroscopy. It is supported by conventional analytical methods such as X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, and electron probe X-ray micro analyzer as an initial step for mineral exploration in eastern Tsogttsetsii, Mongolia, where access is limited. Distributions of advanced argillic minerals (alunite, dickite, and kaolinite), illite/smectite (illite, smectite, and mixed-layered illite-smectite), and ammonium minerals (buddingtonite and NH4-illite) were mapped using the decorrelation stretch, band math, and mixture-tuned-matched filter (MTMF) techniques. The accuracy assessment of the WV-3 MTMF map using field SWIR data showed good WV-3 SWIR data accuracy for spectrally predominant alteration minerals such as alunite, kaolinite, buddingtonite, and NH4-illite. The combination of WV-3 SWIR mineral mapping and a drone photogrammetric-derived digital elevation model contributed to an understanding of the structural development of the hydrothermal system through visualization of the topographic and spatial distribution of surface alteration minerals. Field SWIR spectroscopy provided further detailed information regarding alteration minerals such as chemical variations of alunite, crystallinity of kaolinite, and aluminum abundance of illite that was unavailable in WV-3 SWIR data. Combining WV-3 SWIR data and field SWIR spectroscopy with conventional exploration methods can narrow the selection between deposit models and facilitate mineral exploration. View Full-Text
Keywords: high sulfidation alteration mineral; WorldView-3; field spectroscopy; shortwave-infrared; Mongolia high sulfidation alteration mineral; WorldView-3; field spectroscopy; shortwave-infrared; Mongolia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Son, Y.-S.; You, B.-W.; Bang, E.-S.; Cho, S.-J.; Kim, K.-E.; Baik, H.; Nam, H.-T. Mapping Alteration Mineralogy in Eastern Tsogttsetsii, Mongolia, Based on the WorldView-3 and Field Shortwave-Infrared Spectroscopy Analyses. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 914. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13050914

AMA Style

Son Y-S, You B-W, Bang E-S, Cho S-J, Kim K-E, Baik H, Nam H-T. Mapping Alteration Mineralogy in Eastern Tsogttsetsii, Mongolia, Based on the WorldView-3 and Field Shortwave-Infrared Spectroscopy Analyses. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(5):914. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13050914

Chicago/Turabian Style

Son, Young-Sun, Byoung-Woon You, Eun-Seok Bang, Seong-Jun Cho, Kwang-Eun Kim, Hyunseob Baik, and Hyeong-Tae Nam. 2021. "Mapping Alteration Mineralogy in Eastern Tsogttsetsii, Mongolia, Based on the WorldView-3 and Field Shortwave-Infrared Spectroscopy Analyses" Remote Sensing 13, no. 5: 914. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13050914

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