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Article

Landslide Awareness System (LAwS) to Increase the Resilience and Safety of Transport Infrastructure: The Case Study of Pan-American Highway (Cuenca–Ecuador)

1
Department of Earth, Environment and Resources Sciences, Federico II University of Naples, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, 80126 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
3
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Federico II University of Naples, 80125 Naples, Italy
4
Instituto Ecuatoriano de Regimen Seccional (IERSE), University of Azuay, EC-01.01.981, Cuenca 010107, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mahdi Motagh
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(8), 1564; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13081564
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 14 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 April 2021 / Published: 17 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infrastructure Monitoring Using Synthetic Aperture Radar)
In most countries, landslides have caused severe socioeconomic impacts on people, cities, industrial establishments, and lifelines, such as highways, railways, and communication network systems. Socioeconomic losses due to slope failures are very high and they have been growing as the built environment expands into unstable hillside areas under the pressures of growing populations. Human activities as the construction of buildings, transportation routes, dams, and artificial canals have often been a major factor for the increasing damage due to slope failures. When recovery actions are not durable from an economic point of view, increasing the population’s awareness is the key strategy to reduce the effects of natural and anthropogenic events. Starting from the case study of the Pan-American Highway (the Ecuadorian part), this article shows a multi-approach strategy for infrastructure monitoring. The combined use of (i) DInSAR technique for detection of slow ground deformations, (ii) field survey activities, and (iii) the QPROTO tool for analysis of slopes potentially prone to collapse allowed us to obtain a first cognitive map to better characterize 22 km of the highway between the cities of Cuenca and Azogues. This study is the primary step in the development of a landslide awareness perspective to manage risk related to landslides along infrastructure corridors, increasing user safety and providing stakeholders with a management system to plan the most urgent interventions and to ensure the correct functionality of the infrastructure. View Full-Text
Keywords: DInSAR; QPROTO; landslides; infrastructure monitoring; awareness system; Pan-American Highway DInSAR; QPROTO; landslides; infrastructure monitoring; awareness system; Pan-American Highway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miele, P.; Di Napoli, M.; Guerriero, L.; Ramondini, M.; Sellers, C.; Annibali Corona, M.; Di Martire, D. Landslide Awareness System (LAwS) to Increase the Resilience and Safety of Transport Infrastructure: The Case Study of Pan-American Highway (Cuenca–Ecuador). Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 1564. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13081564

AMA Style

Miele P, Di Napoli M, Guerriero L, Ramondini M, Sellers C, Annibali Corona M, Di Martire D. Landslide Awareness System (LAwS) to Increase the Resilience and Safety of Transport Infrastructure: The Case Study of Pan-American Highway (Cuenca–Ecuador). Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(8):1564. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13081564

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miele, Pietro, Mariano Di Napoli, Luigi Guerriero, Massimo Ramondini, Chester Sellers, Mariagiulia Annibali Corona, and Diego Di Martire. 2021. "Landslide Awareness System (LAwS) to Increase the Resilience and Safety of Transport Infrastructure: The Case Study of Pan-American Highway (Cuenca–Ecuador)" Remote Sensing 13, no. 8: 1564. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/rs13081564

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