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Article

Identification of Education Models to Improve Health Outcomes in Arab Women with Pre-Diabetes

1
Division of Nutritional Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
2
Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
3
Chair for Biomarkers of Chronic Diseases, Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 14 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 18 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Diet on Insulin Sensitivity)
Few evaluations of interventions to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Saudi Arabia (SA) have been undertaken. The present study evaluates the impact of a 6-month intensive lifestyle modification intervention delivered in primary care. Females from SA with prediabetes, aged 18–55 years, were recruited with 190 participants eligible following screening and randomly allocated to receive a 3-month one-on-one, intensive lifestyle modification (intervention group (IG) n = 95) or standard guidance (control group (CG) n = 95). Participants completed questionnaires including demographic, dietary and physical activity data. Blood samples were collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months. A total of 123 (74 IG (age 40.6 ± 9.8 years; body mass index (BMI) 31.2 ± 7.0 kg/m2) and 49 CG (age 40.6 ± 12.7 years; BMI 32.3 ± 5.4 kg/m2)) participants completed the study. After 6 months, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c; primary endpoint) significantly improved in the IG than CG completers in between-group comparisons (p < 0.001). Comparison between groups showed significant improvements in overall energy intake, total and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in favour of IG (p-values < 0.001, 0.04 and <0.001, respectively). BMI and weight change were not clinically significant in between group comparisons. A 6-month, intense one-on-one intervention in lifestyle modification significantly improves glycaemic and cardio metabolic profile of females living in SA with pre-diabetes delivered in a primary care setting. Longer duration studies, using the same intervention, may determine whether a meaningful weight loss secondary to improved diet can be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: pre-diabetes; lifestyle; Arabs; intervention pre-diabetes; lifestyle; Arabs; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Hamdan, R.; Avery, A.; Salter, A.; Al-Disi, D.; Al-Daghri, N.M.; McCullough, F. Identification of Education Models to Improve Health Outcomes in Arab Women with Pre-Diabetes. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1113. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu11051113

AMA Style

Al-Hamdan R, Avery A, Salter A, Al-Disi D, Al-Daghri NM, McCullough F. Identification of Education Models to Improve Health Outcomes in Arab Women with Pre-Diabetes. Nutrients. 2019; 11(5):1113. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu11051113

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Hamdan, Rasha, Amanda Avery, Andrew Salter, Dara Al-Disi, Nasser M. Al-Daghri, and Fiona McCullough. 2019. "Identification of Education Models to Improve Health Outcomes in Arab Women with Pre-Diabetes" Nutrients 11, no. 5: 1113. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu11051113

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