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Article

Assessment of Plant Sterols in the Diet of Adult Polish Population with the Use of a Newly Developed Database

1
Department of Food Biotechnology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Szpitalna 37, 15-295 Bialystok, Poland
2
Department of Epidemiology, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, National Institute of Cardiology, Alpejska 42, 04-628 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lodz, Hallera 1, 90-001 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
A.M.W. and A.W. contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Massimo Lucarini and Alessandra Durazzo
Received: 28 May 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 4 August 2021 / Published: 7 August 2021
Plant sterols are compounds with multiple biological functions, mainly cholesterol-reducing. There are no comprehensive databases on plant sterols, which makes it difficult to estimate their intake in the Polish population. This work attempted to use international food databases, additionally supplemented by scientific data from the literature, to create a database of plant sterols, which would cover various kinds of foods and dishes consumed in Poland. The aim was to assess the size and sources of dietary plant sterols in the adult population of Poland. The literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar to identify possible sources of published food composition data for plant sterols. The study group consisted of 5690 participants of the WOBASZ II survey. We identified 361 dietary sources of plant sterols based on the consumption of foods and dishes reported by participants. Cereals and fats provided 61% of the total plant sterols, and together with vegetables and fruits, this totaled 80%. The median intake of plant sterols in the Polish population was 255.96 mg/day, and for men and women 291.76 and 230.61 mg/day, respectively. Canola oil provided the most plant sterols at 16.92%, followed by white bread at 16.65% and soft margarine at 8.33%. The study found that plant sterol intake in Poland is comparable to other populations, and women’s diets are more dense in plant sterols. Due to the lack of literature sources on plant sterol content in some foods, future studies should expand and complete the databases on plant sterol content in foods. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant sterols; database; Polish population plant sterols; database; Polish population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Witkowska, A.M.; Waśkiewicz, A.; Zujko, M.E.; Mirończuk-Chodakowska, I.; Cicha-Mikołajczyk, A.; Drygas, W. Assessment of Plant Sterols in the Diet of Adult Polish Population with the Use of a Newly Developed Database. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2722. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu13082722

AMA Style

Witkowska AM, Waśkiewicz A, Zujko ME, Mirończuk-Chodakowska I, Cicha-Mikołajczyk A, Drygas W. Assessment of Plant Sterols in the Diet of Adult Polish Population with the Use of a Newly Developed Database. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2722. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu13082722

Chicago/Turabian Style

Witkowska, Anna M., Anna Waśkiewicz, Małgorzata E. Zujko, Iwona Mirończuk-Chodakowska, Alicja Cicha-Mikołajczyk, and Wojciech Drygas. 2021. "Assessment of Plant Sterols in the Diet of Adult Polish Population with the Use of a Newly Developed Database" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2722. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu13082722

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