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Article

Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant

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Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
2
Department of Pathological Sciences, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
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G Tironi Garcia Consultoria Técnica—ME, Andirá 86380-000, Paraná, Brazil
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Department of Statistics, State University of Londrina, P.O. Box 10.011, Londrina 86057-970, Paraná, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 30 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Growth and Mycotoxins: Challenges for developing countries)
Brazil is one of the world’s largest corn producers and is a leader in exportation. Due to intense globalization, corn may be commercialized worldwide and the issue concerning the safety of corn-based products has become a topic of widespread international interest. Dietary exposure evaluation is a relevant criterion for mycotoxin risk assessment. Thus, human exposure to fumonisins were assessed for corn grain and its derivatives (endosperm, cornmeal, and grits; n = 320) sampled from one of the large-scale corn processing plants in Brazil. The total probable daily intake (PDI) for fumonisins in Brazil was 96.9 ng kg−1 body weight day−1, which corresponds to 5% of the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) of 2000 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1 for fumonisins. In countries that import Brazilian corn, the total PDI is lower in European countries (from 35.7 to 177 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1) and higher in Angola (1553 ng kg−1 b.w. day−1). Taking into account that dietary exposure in populations in Brazil and importing countries was low, the corn-based products were safe for human consumption regarding fumonisins, even for regions with high corn consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; daily intake; mycotoxins; cornmeal; endosperm; exposure food safety; daily intake; mycotoxins; cornmeal; endosperm; exposure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bordini, J.G.; Ono, M.A.; Hirozawa, M.T.; Garcia, G.T.; Vizoni, E.; Ono, E.Y.S. Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant. Toxins 2019, 11, 33. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11010033

AMA Style

Bordini JG, Ono MA, Hirozawa MT, Garcia GT, Vizoni E, Ono EYS. Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant. Toxins. 2019; 11(1):33. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11010033

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bordini, Jaqueline G., Mario A. Ono, Melissa T. Hirozawa, Glauco T. Garcia, Edio Vizoni, and Elisabete Y.S. Ono 2019. "Safety of Corn and Corn-Based Products Intended for Human Consumption Concerning Fumonisins from a Brazilian Processing Plant" Toxins 11, no. 1: 33. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins11010033

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