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Fusarium-Produced Mycotoxins in Plant-Pathogen Interactions

Plant-Pathogen Interaction Team, Department of Pathogen Genetics and Plant Resistance, Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Strzeszyńska 34, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxigenic Fungi and Their Interactions with Plants)
Pathogens belonging to the Fusarium genus are causal agents of the most significant crop diseases worldwide. Virtually all Fusarium species synthesize toxic secondary metabolites, known as mycotoxins; however, the roles of mycotoxins are not yet fully understood. To understand how a fungal partner alters its lifestyle to assimilate with the plant host remains a challenge. The review presented the mechanisms of mycotoxin biosynthesis in the Fusarium genus under various environmental conditions, such as pH, temperature, moisture content, and nitrogen source. It also concentrated on plant metabolic pathways and cytogenetic changes that are influenced as a consequence of mycotoxin confrontations. Moreover, we looked through special secondary metabolite production and mycotoxins specific for some significant fungal pathogens-plant host models. Plant strategies of avoiding the Fusarium mycotoxins were also discussed. Finally, we outlined the studies on the potential of plant secondary metabolites in defense reaction to Fusarium infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungal pathogens; Fusarium; pathogenicity; secondary metabolites fungal pathogens; Fusarium; pathogenicity; secondary metabolites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perincherry, L.; Lalak-Kańczugowska, J.; Stępień, Ł. Fusarium-Produced Mycotoxins in Plant-Pathogen Interactions. Toxins 2019, 11, 664.

AMA Style

Perincherry L, Lalak-Kańczugowska J, Stępień Ł. Fusarium-Produced Mycotoxins in Plant-Pathogen Interactions. Toxins. 2019; 11(11):664.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perincherry, Lakshmipriya; Lalak-Kańczugowska, Justyna; Stępień, Łukasz. 2019. "Fusarium-Produced Mycotoxins in Plant-Pathogen Interactions" Toxins 11, no. 11: 664.

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