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Fungal Bioactive Anthraquinones and Analogues

Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario Monte Sant’Angelo, Via Cintia 4, 80126 Napoli, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 7 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial and Plant Phytotoxins)
This review, covering the literature from 1966 to the present (2020), describes naturally occurring fungal bioactive anthraquinones and analogues biosynthesized by the acetate route and concerning several different functionalized carbon skeletons. Hydrocarbons, lipids, sterols, esters, fatty acids, derivatives of amino acids, and aromatic compounds are metabolites belonging to other different classes of natural compounds and are generated by the same biosynthetic route. All of them are produced by plant, microorganisms, and marine organisms. The biological activities of anthraquinones and analogues comprise phytotoxic, antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer, antitumor, algicide, antifungal, enzyme inhibiting, immunostimulant, antiplatelet aggregation, cytotoxic, and antiplasmodium activities. The review also covers some practical industrial applications of anthraquinones. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthraquinones; natural analogues; fungi; biological activity anthraquinones; natural analogues; fungi; biological activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Masi, M.; Evidente, A. Fungal Bioactive Anthraquinones and Analogues. Toxins 2020, 12, 714.

AMA Style

Masi M, Evidente A. Fungal Bioactive Anthraquinones and Analogues. Toxins. 2020; 12(11):714.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Masi, Marco, and Antonio Evidente. 2020. "Fungal Bioactive Anthraquinones and Analogues" Toxins 12, no. 11: 714.

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