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Mycotoxins in Feed and Food and the Role of Ozone in Their Detoxification and Degradation: An Update

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Received: 12 June 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 30 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Strategy to Prevent Post-Harvest Mycotoxin Contamination)
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by some filamentous fungi, which can cause toxicity in animal species, including humans. Because of their high toxicological impacts, mycotoxins have received significant consideration, leading to the definition of strict legislative thresholds and limits in many areas of the world. Mycotoxins can reduce farm profits not only through reduced crop quality and product refusal, but also through a reduction in animal productivity and health. This paper briefly addresses the impacts of mycotoxin contamination of feed and food on animal and human health, and describes the main pre- and post-harvest systems to control their levels, including genetic, agronomic, biological, chemical, and physical methods. It so highlights (i) the lack of effective and straightforward solutions to control mycotoxin contamination in the field, at pre-harvest, as well as later post-harvest; and (ii) the increasing demand for novel methods to control mycotoxin infections, intoxications, and diseases, without leaving toxic chemical residues in the food and feed chain. Thus, the broad objective of the present study was to review the literature on the use of ozone for mycotoxin decontamination, proposing this gaseous air pollutant as a powerful tool to detoxify mycotoxins from feed and food. View Full-Text
Keywords: crop systems; pre- and post-harvest strategies; decontamination; ozonation crop systems; pre- and post-harvest strategies; decontamination; ozonation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Conte, G.; Fontanelli, M.; Galli, F.; Cotrozzi, L.; Pagni, L.; Pellegrini, E. Mycotoxins in Feed and Food and the Role of Ozone in Their Detoxification and Degradation: An Update. Toxins 2020, 12, 486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12080486

AMA Style

Conte G, Fontanelli M, Galli F, Cotrozzi L, Pagni L, Pellegrini E. Mycotoxins in Feed and Food and the Role of Ozone in Their Detoxification and Degradation: An Update. Toxins. 2020; 12(8):486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12080486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Conte, Giuseppe; Fontanelli, Marco; Galli, Francesca; Cotrozzi, Lorenzo; Pagni, Lorenzo; Pellegrini, Elisa. 2020. "Mycotoxins in Feed and Food and the Role of Ozone in Their Detoxification and Degradation: An Update" Toxins 12, no. 8: 486. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12080486

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