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Article

The Effect of Using New Synbiotics on the Turkey Performance, the Intestinal Microbiota and the Fecal Enzymes Activity in Turkeys Fed Ochratoxin A Contaminated Feed

1
Institute of Fermentation Technology and Microbiology, Department of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Lodz University of Technology, Wólczańska 171/173, 90-924 Łódź, Poland
2
Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 48, 60-627 Poznań, Poland
3
Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 5/248, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2020 / Revised: 6 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins Occurence in Feed and Their Influence on Animal Health)
The feed supplementation of probiotic microorganisms is a promising method for detoxification of ochratoxin A (OTA) in poultry. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of newly elaborated synbiotics on the turkey performance, the intestinal microbiota and its enzymatic activity in turkeys (0–15 weeks) fed OTA contaminated feed (198.6–462.0 µg/kg) compared to control group (OTA-free feed). The studies determined the composition of intestinal microorganisms by the culture method and the activity of fecal enzymes by spectrophotometry. It was found that OTA had an adverse effect on the body weight, the intestinal microbiota and the fecal enzymes activity in turkeys. On the other hand, synbiotics resulted in an increase in the count of beneficial bacteria while reducing the number of potential pathogens in the digestive tract. Moreover, synbiotics caused an increase in the activity of α-glucosidase and α-galactosidase, while decreasing the activity of potentially harmful fecal enzymes (β-glucosidase, β-galactosidase, β-glucuronidase) in the turkey’s excreta. Results indicate a beneficial effect of elaborated synbiotics on the health of turkeys and a reduction of the negative impact of OTA contaminated feed. These synbiotics can be successfully used as feed additives for turkeys. View Full-Text
Keywords: synbiotics; turkeys; intestinal microbiota; fecal enzymes; ochratoxin A synbiotics; turkeys; intestinal microbiota; fecal enzymes; ochratoxin A
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MDPI and ACS Style

Śliżewska, K.; Markowiak-Kopeć, P.; Sip, A.; Lipiński, K.; Mazur-Kuśnirek, M. The Effect of Using New Synbiotics on the Turkey Performance, the Intestinal Microbiota and the Fecal Enzymes Activity in Turkeys Fed Ochratoxin A Contaminated Feed. Toxins 2020, 12, 578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12090578

AMA Style

Śliżewska K, Markowiak-Kopeć P, Sip A, Lipiński K, Mazur-Kuśnirek M. The Effect of Using New Synbiotics on the Turkey Performance, the Intestinal Microbiota and the Fecal Enzymes Activity in Turkeys Fed Ochratoxin A Contaminated Feed. Toxins. 2020; 12(9):578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12090578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Śliżewska, Katarzyna, Paulina Markowiak-Kopeć, Anna Sip, Krzysztof Lipiński, and Magdalena Mazur-Kuśnirek. 2020. "The Effect of Using New Synbiotics on the Turkey Performance, the Intestinal Microbiota and the Fecal Enzymes Activity in Turkeys Fed Ochratoxin A Contaminated Feed" Toxins 12, no. 9: 578. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins12090578

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