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Review

Aflatoxin Detoxification Using Microorganisms and Enzymes

1
Key Laboratory of Zoonosis of Liaoning Province, College of Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
3
MOE Joint International Research Laboratory of Animal Health and Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2020 / Revised: 5 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occurrence, Toxicity and Mitigation of Aflatoxins)
Mycotoxin contamination causes significant economic loss to food and feed industries and seriously threatens human health. Aflatoxins (AFs) are one of the most harmful mycotoxins, which are produced by Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and other fungi that are commonly found in the production and preservation of grain and feed. AFs can cause harm to animal and human health due to their toxic (carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic) effects. How to remove AF has become a major problem: biological methods cause no contamination, have high specificity, and work at high temperature, affording environmental protection. In the present research, microorganisms with detoxification effects researched in recent years are reviewed, the detoxification mechanism of microbes on AFs, the safety of degrading enzymes and reaction products formed in the degradation process, and the application of microorganisms as detoxification strategies for AFs were investigated. One of the main aims of the work is to provide a reliable reference strategy for biological detoxification of AFs. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin; biological detoxification; detoxification mechanism; degradation products; probiotics aflatoxin; biological detoxification; detoxification mechanism; degradation products; probiotics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, Y.; Chen, J.; Nepovimova, E.; Long, M.; Wu, W.; Kuca, K. Aflatoxin Detoxification Using Microorganisms and Enzymes. Toxins 2021, 13, 46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13010046

AMA Style

Guan Y, Chen J, Nepovimova E, Long M, Wu W, Kuca K. Aflatoxin Detoxification Using Microorganisms and Enzymes. Toxins. 2021; 13(1):46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13010046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guan, Yun; Chen, Jia; Nepovimova, Eugenie; Long, Miao; Wu, Wenda; Kuca, Kamil. 2021. "Aflatoxin Detoxification Using Microorganisms and Enzymes" Toxins 13, no. 1: 46. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13010046

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