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Open AccessArticle

Incentives to Stimulate European Wheat Farmers to Adapt Their Fusarium Species Mycotoxin Management

Business Economics Group, Wageningen University & Research, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN, Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 14 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occurrence and Integrated Management of Mycotoxins)
Fusarium species infection in wheat can lead to Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) and contamination with mycotoxins. To fully exploit more recent insights into FHB and mycotoxin management, farmers might need to adapt their agronomic management, which can be stimulated through incentives. This study aimed to identify incentives to stimulate European farmers to adapt their agronomic management to reduce FHB and related mycotoxins in wheat. A questionnaire was distributed among 224 wheat farmers from Italy, the Netherlands, Serbia, and the United Kingdom. Using the respondents’ data, Bayesian Network modelling was applied to estimate the probability that farmers would adapt their current agronomic management under eight different incentives given the conditions set by their farm and farmer characteristics. Results show that most farmers would adapt their current agronomic management under the incentives “paid extra when wheat contains low levels of mycotoxins” and “wheat is tested for the presence of mycotoxins for free”. The most effective incentive depended on farm and farmer characteristics, such as country, crop type, size of arable land, soil type, education, and mycotoxin knowledge. Insights into the farmer characteristics related to incentives can help stakeholders in the wheat supply chain, such as farmer cooperatives and the government, to design tailor-made incentive plans. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycotoxin; Fusarium spp.; farmer; incentive; wheat; Fusarium Head Blight mycotoxin; Fusarium spp.; farmer; incentive; wheat; Fusarium Head Blight
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MDPI and ACS Style

Janssen, E.M.; Mourits, M.C.M.; Oude Lansink, A.G.J.M.; van der Fels-Klerx, H.J. Incentives to Stimulate European Wheat Farmers to Adapt Their Fusarium Species Mycotoxin Management. Toxins 2021, 13, 144. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13020144

AMA Style

Janssen EM, Mourits MCM, Oude Lansink AGJM, van der Fels-Klerx HJ. Incentives to Stimulate European Wheat Farmers to Adapt Their Fusarium Species Mycotoxin Management. Toxins. 2021; 13(2):144. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13020144

Chicago/Turabian Style

Janssen, Esmée M.; Mourits, Monique C.M.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; van der Fels-Klerx, H. J. 2021. "Incentives to Stimulate European Wheat Farmers to Adapt Their Fusarium Species Mycotoxin Management" Toxins 13, no. 2: 144. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13020144

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