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Review

Predicted Aflatoxin B1 Increase in Europe Due to Climate Change: Actions and Reactions at Global Level

1
Department of Sustainable Crop Production (DI.PRO.VE.S.), Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29122 Piacenza, Italy
2
IBE-CNR, Institute of BioEconomy-National Research Council, Via Giovanni Caproni 8, 50145 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The three authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 16 April 2021 / Accepted: 18 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins in Relation to Climate Change)
Climate change (CC) is predicted to increase the risk of aflatoxin (AF) contamination in maize, as highlighted by a project supported by EFSA in 2009. We performed a comprehensive literature search using the Scopus search engine to extract peer-reviewed studies citing this study. A total of 224 papers were identified after step I filtering (187 + 37), while step II filtering identified 25 of these papers for quantitative analysis. The unselected papers (199) were categorized as “actions” because they provided a sounding board for the expected impact of CC on AFB1 contamination, without adding new data on the topic. The remaining papers were considered as “reactions” of the scientific community because they went a step further in their data and ideas. Interesting statements taken from the “reactions” could be summarized with the following keywords: Chain and multi-actor approach, intersectoral and multidisciplinary, resilience, human and animal health, and global vision. In addition, fields meriting increased research efforts were summarized as the improvement of predictive modeling; extension to different crops and geographic areas; and the impact of CC on fungi and mycotoxin co-occurrence, both in crops and their value chains, up to consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aspergillus flavus; mycotoxin; crop modeling; predictive model; co-occurrence; food; feed; risk assessment; safety Aspergillus flavus; mycotoxin; crop modeling; predictive model; co-occurrence; food; feed; risk assessment; safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leggieri, M.C.; Toscano, P.; Battilani, P. Predicted Aflatoxin B1 Increase in Europe Due to Climate Change: Actions and Reactions at Global Level. Toxins 2021, 13, 292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13040292

AMA Style

Leggieri MC, Toscano P, Battilani P. Predicted Aflatoxin B1 Increase in Europe Due to Climate Change: Actions and Reactions at Global Level. Toxins. 2021; 13(4):292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13040292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leggieri, Marco C., Piero Toscano, and Paola Battilani. 2021. "Predicted Aflatoxin B1 Increase in Europe Due to Climate Change: Actions and Reactions at Global Level" Toxins 13, no. 4: 292. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins13040292

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