Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Toxin Mediated Diarrhea in the 21st Century: The Pathophysiology of Intestinal Ion Transport in the Course of ETEC, V. cholerae and Rotavirus Infection
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
How Should Staphylococcal Food Poisoning Outbreaks Be Characterized?
Review

Multiple Roles of Staphylococcus aureus Enterotoxins: Pathogenicity, Superantigenic Activity, and Correlation to Antibiotic Resistance

Area de Microbiología, Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Jaén, 23071-Jaén, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2010, 2(8), 2117-2131; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins2082117
Received: 3 July 2010 / Accepted: 9 August 2010 / Published: 10 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enterotoxins)
Heat-stable enterotoxins are the most notable virulence factors associated with Staphylococcus aureus, a common pathogen associated with serious community and hospital acquired diseases. Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) cause toxic shock-like syndromes and have been implicated in food poisoning. But SEs also act as superantigens that stimulate T-cell proliferation, and a high correlation between these activities has been detected. Most of the nosocomial S. aureus infections are caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains, and those resistant to quinolones or multiresistant to other antibiotics are emerging, leaving a limited choice for their control. This review focuses on these diverse roles of SE, their possible correlations and the influence in disease progression and therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: enterotoxins; Staphylococcus aureus; superantigens; MRSA; immune response enterotoxins; Staphylococcus aureus; superantigens; MRSA; immune response
MDPI and ACS Style

Ortega, E.; Abriouel, H.; Lucas, R.; Gálvez, A. Multiple Roles of Staphylococcus aureus Enterotoxins: Pathogenicity, Superantigenic Activity, and Correlation to Antibiotic Resistance. Toxins 2010, 2, 2117-2131. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins2082117

AMA Style

Ortega E, Abriouel H, Lucas R, Gálvez A. Multiple Roles of Staphylococcus aureus Enterotoxins: Pathogenicity, Superantigenic Activity, and Correlation to Antibiotic Resistance. Toxins. 2010; 2(8):2117-2131. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins2082117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ortega, Elena, Hikmate Abriouel, Rosario Lucas, and Antonio Gálvez. 2010. "Multiple Roles of Staphylococcus aureus Enterotoxins: Pathogenicity, Superantigenic Activity, and Correlation to Antibiotic Resistance" Toxins 2, no. 8: 2117-2131. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins2082117

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop