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Review

The Pore-Forming Haemolysins of Bacillus Cereus: A Review

INRA, UMR 1319 MICALIS-AgroParisTech, La Minière, Guyancourt 78280, France
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Received: 28 February 2013 / Revised: 22 May 2013 / Accepted: 24 May 2013 / Published: 7 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pore-Forming Toxins)
The Bacillus cereus sensu lato group contains diverse Gram-positive spore-forming bacteria that can cause gastrointestinal diseases and severe eye infections in humans. They have also been incriminated in a multitude of other severe, and frequently fatal, clinical infections, such as osteomyelitis, septicaemia, pneumonia, liver abscess and meningitis, particularly in immuno-compromised patients and preterm neonates. The pathogenic properties of this organism are mediated by the synergistic effects of a number of virulence products that promote intestinal cell destruction and/or resistance to the host immune system. This review focuses on the pore-forming haemolysins produced by B. cereus: haemolysin I (cereolysin O), haemolysin II, haemolysin III and haemolysin IV (CytK). Haemolysin I belongs to the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family whose best known members are listeriolysin O and perfringolysin O, produced by L. monocytogenes and C. perfringens respectively. HlyII and CytK are oligomeric ß-barrel pore-forming toxins related to the α-toxin of S. aureus or the ß-toxin of C. perfringens. The structure of haemolysin III, the least characterized haemolytic toxin from the B. cereus, group has not yet been determined. View Full-Text
Keywords: B. cereus; haemolysins; cereolysin O; haemolysin II; haemolysin III; cytotoxin K; PlcR B. cereus; haemolysins; cereolysin O; haemolysin II; haemolysin III; cytotoxin K; PlcR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramarao, N.; Sanchis, V. The Pore-Forming Haemolysins of Bacillus Cereus: A Review. Toxins 2013, 5, 1119-1139. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins5061119

AMA Style

Ramarao N, Sanchis V. The Pore-Forming Haemolysins of Bacillus Cereus: A Review. Toxins. 2013; 5(6):1119-1139. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins5061119

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramarao, Nalini, and Vincent Sanchis. 2013. "The Pore-Forming Haemolysins of Bacillus Cereus: A Review" Toxins 5, no. 6: 1119-1139. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/toxins5061119

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