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Article

Ru-(Mn-M)OX Solid Base Catalysts for the Upgrading of Xylitol to Glycols in Water

1
Institut de recherches sur la catalyse et l’environnement de Lyon, University of Lyon, Univ. Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, IRCELYON, UMR5256, 2 Avenue Albert Einstein, 69626 Villeurbanne, France
2
IFP Energies Nouvelles, Rond-Point de l’Echangeur de Solaize, BP 3, 69360 Solaize, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 11 August 2018 / Published: 14 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid Catalysts for the Upgrading of Renewable Sources)
A series of Ru-(Mn-M)OX catalysts (M: Al, Ti, Zr, Zn) prepared by co-precipitation were investigated in the hydrogenolysis of xylitol in water to ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and glycerol at 200 °C and 60 bar of H2. The catalyst promoted with Al, Ru-(Mn-Al)OX, showed superior activity (57 h−1) and a high global selectivity to glycols and glycerol of 58% at 80% xylitol conversion. In comparison, the catalyst prepared by loading Ru on (Mn-Al)OX, Ru/(Mn-Al)OX was more active (111 h−1) but less selective (37%) than Ru-(Mn-Al)OX. Characterization of these catalysts by XRD, BET, CO2-TPD, NH3-TPD and TEM showed that Ru/(Mn-Al)OX contained highly dispersed and uniformly distributed Ru particles and fewer basic sites, which favored decarbonylation, epimerization and cascade decarbonylation reactions instead of retro-aldol reactions producing glycols. The hydrothermal stability of Ru-(Mn-Al)OX was improved by decreasing the xylitol/catalyst ratio, which decreased the formation of carboxylic acids and enabled recycling of the catalyst, with a very low deactivation. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogenolysis; ethylene glycol; propylene glycol; xylitol; solid base catalyst; aqueous phase; alditol hydrogenolysis; ethylene glycol; propylene glycol; xylitol; solid base catalyst; aqueous phase; alditol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rivière, M.; Perret, N.; Delcroix, D.; Cabiac, A.; Pinel, C.; Besson, M. Ru-(Mn-M)OX Solid Base Catalysts for the Upgrading of Xylitol to Glycols in Water. Catalysts 2018, 8, 331. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/catal8080331

AMA Style

Rivière M, Perret N, Delcroix D, Cabiac A, Pinel C, Besson M. Ru-(Mn-M)OX Solid Base Catalysts for the Upgrading of Xylitol to Glycols in Water. Catalysts. 2018; 8(8):331. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/catal8080331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rivière, Maxime, Noémie Perret, Damien Delcroix, Amandine Cabiac, Catherine Pinel, and Michèle Besson. 2018. "Ru-(Mn-M)OX Solid Base Catalysts for the Upgrading of Xylitol to Glycols in Water" Catalysts 8, no. 8: 331. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/catal8080331

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