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Review

Biostimulant-Treated Seedlings under Sustainable Agriculture: A Global Perspective Facing Climate Change

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Department of Seed Science & Technology, College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
2
Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
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Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
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Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
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Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
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Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur 208001, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Department of Seed Science and Technology, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan 173230, Himachal Pradesh, India
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Department of Vegetable Science, College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
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Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 23 December 2020
The primary objectives of modern agriculture includes the environmental sustainability, low production costs, improved plants’ resilience to various biotic and abiotic stresses, and high sowing seed value. Delayed and inconsistent field emergence poses a significant threat in the production of agri-crop, especially during drought and adverse weather conditions. To open new routes of nutrients’ acquisition and revolutionizing the adapted solutions, stewardship plans will be needed to address these questions. One approach is the identification of plant based bioactive molecules capable of altering plant metabolism pathways which may enhance plant performance in a brief period of time and in a cost-effective manner. A biostimulant is a plant material, microorganism, or any other organic compound that not only improves the nutritional aspects, vitality, general health but also enhances the seed quality performance. They may be effectively utilized in both horticultural and cereal crops. The biologically active substances in biostimulant biopreparations are protein hydrolysates (PHs), seaweed extracts, fulvic acids, humic acids, nitrogenous compounds, beneficial bacterial, and fungal agents. In this review, the state of the art and future prospects for biostimulant seedlings are reported and discussed. Biostimulants have been gaining interest as they stimulate crop physiology and biochemistry such as the ratio of leaf photosynthetic pigments (carotenoids and chlorophyll), enhanced antioxidant potential, tremendous root growth, improved nutrient use efficiency (NUE), and reduced fertilizers consumption. Thus, all these properties make the biostimulants fit for internal market operations. Furthermore, a special consideration has been given to the application of biostimulants in intensive agricultural systems that minimize the fertilizers’ usage without affecting quality and yield along with the limits imposed by European Union (EU) regulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant; abiotic stress; biostimulants; climate change; microorganisms; seedling; sustainability antioxidant; abiotic stress; biostimulants; climate change; microorganisms; seedling; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Malik, A.; Mor, V.S.; Tokas, J.; Punia, H.; Malik, S.; Malik, K.; Sangwan, S.; Tomar, S.; Singh, P.; Singh, N.; Himangini; Vikram; Nidhi; Singh, G.; Vikram; Kumar, V.; Sandhya; Karwasra, A. Biostimulant-Treated Seedlings under Sustainable Agriculture: A Global Perspective Facing Climate Change. Agronomy 2021, 11, 14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy11010014

AMA Style

Malik A, Mor VS, Tokas J, Punia H, Malik S, Malik K, Sangwan S, Tomar S, Singh P, Singh N, Himangini, Vikram, Nidhi, Singh G, Vikram, Kumar V, Sandhya, Karwasra A. Biostimulant-Treated Seedlings under Sustainable Agriculture: A Global Perspective Facing Climate Change. Agronomy. 2021; 11(1):14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy11010014

Chicago/Turabian Style

Malik, Anurag, Virender S. Mor, Jayanti Tokas, Himani Punia, Shweta Malik, Kamla Malik, Sonali Sangwan, Saurabh Tomar, Pradeep Singh, Nirmal Singh, Himangini, Vikram, Nidhi, Gagandeep Singh, Vikram, Vinit Kumar, Sandhya, and Aman Karwasra. 2021. "Biostimulant-Treated Seedlings under Sustainable Agriculture: A Global Perspective Facing Climate Change" Agronomy 11, no. 1: 14. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy11010014

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