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CD38, CD157, and RAGE as Molecular Determinants for Social Behavior

1
Department of Basic Research on Social Recognition and Memory, Research Center for Child Mental Development, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
2
Laboratory of Social Brain Study, Research Institute of Molecular Medicine and Pathobiochemistry, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Prof. V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky, Krasnoyarsk 660022, Russia
3
Division of Molecular Genetics and Clinical Research, National Hospital Organization Nanao Hospital, Nanao 926-0841, Japan
4
Molecular Biology and Chemistry, Faculty of Medical Science, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
5
Life Science Research Laboratory, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-1193, Japan
6
Molecular Pharmacology, Suzuka University of Medical Science, Suzuka 513-0816, Japan
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Department of Neuroanatomy, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
8
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Vascular Biology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
Recent studies provide evidence to support that cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) and CD157 meaningfully act in the brain as neuroregulators. They primarily affect social behaviors. Social behaviors are impaired in Cd38 and Cd157 knockout mice. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the CD38 and CD157/BST1 genes are associated with multiple neurological and psychiatric conditions, including autism spectrum disorder, Parkinson’s disease, and schizophrenia. In addition, both antigens are related to infectious and immunoregulational processes. The most important clues to demonstrate how these molecules play a role in the brain are oxytocin (OT) and the OT system. OT is axo-dendritically secreted into the brain from OT-containing neurons and causes activation of OT receptors mainly on hypothalamic neurons. Here, we overview the CD38/CD157-dependent OT release mechanism as the initiation step for social behavior. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a newly identified molecule as an OT binding protein and serves as a transporter of OT to the brain, crossing over the blood–brain barrier, resulting in the regulation of brain OT levels. We point out new roles of CD38 and CD157 during neuronal development and aging in relation to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide+ levels in embryonic and adult nervous systems. Finally, we discuss how CD38, CD157, and RAGE are crucial for social recognition and behavior in daily life. View Full-Text
Keywords: CD38; CD157; RAGE; NAD; cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR); social memory; oxytocin transporter; autism; anxiety CD38; CD157; RAGE; NAD; cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR); social memory; oxytocin transporter; autism; anxiety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Higashida, H.; Hashii, M.; Tanaka, Y.; Matsukawa, S.; Higuchi, Y.; Gabata, R.; Tsubomoto, M.; Seishima, N.; Teramachi, M.; Kamijima, T.; Hattori, T.; Hori, O.; Tsuji, C.; Cherepanov, S.M.; Shabalova, A.A.; Gerasimenko, M.; Minami, K.; Yokoyama, S.; Munesue, S.-i.; Harashima, A.; Yamamoto, Y.; Salmina, A.B.; Lopatina, O. CD38, CD157, and RAGE as Molecular Determinants for Social Behavior. Cells 2020, 9, 62. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cells9010062

AMA Style

Higashida H, Hashii M, Tanaka Y, Matsukawa S, Higuchi Y, Gabata R, Tsubomoto M, Seishima N, Teramachi M, Kamijima T, Hattori T, Hori O, Tsuji C, Cherepanov SM, Shabalova AA, Gerasimenko M, Minami K, Yokoyama S, Munesue S-i, Harashima A, Yamamoto Y, Salmina AB, Lopatina O. CD38, CD157, and RAGE as Molecular Determinants for Social Behavior. Cells. 2020; 9(1):62. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cells9010062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Higashida, Haruhiro, Minako Hashii, Yukie Tanaka, Shigeru Matsukawa, Yoshihiro Higuchi, Ryosuke Gabata, Makoto Tsubomoto, Noriko Seishima, Mitsuyo Teramachi, Taiki Kamijima, Tsuyoshi Hattori, Osamu Hori, Chiharu Tsuji, Stanislav M. Cherepanov, Anna A. Shabalova, Maria Gerasimenko, Kana Minami, Shigeru Yokoyama, Sei-ichi Munesue, Ai Harashima, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Alla B. Salmina, and Olga Lopatina. 2020. "CD38, CD157, and RAGE as Molecular Determinants for Social Behavior" Cells 9, no. 1: 62. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cells9010062

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