Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing of a Burial from a Romano–Christian Cemetery in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt: Preliminary Indications
Department of Anthropology, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
Armed Forces Medical Examiner System—Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFMES/AFDIL), Dover, DE 19902, USA
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 109 Davenport Hall, 607 S. Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA & Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Department of Anthropology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: FBI Laboratory, 2501 Investigation Parkway, Quantico, VA 22135, USA.
Academic Editor: Michael Hofreiter
Genes 2017, 8(10), 262; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/genes8100262
Received: 16 June 2017 / Revised: 15 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 6 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel and Neglected Areas of Ancient DNA Research)
The curse of ancient Egyptian DNA was lifted by a recent study which sequenced the mitochondrial genomes (mtGenome) of 90 ancient Egyptians from the archaeological site of Abusir el-Meleq. Surprisingly, these ancient inhabitants were more closely related to those from the Near East than to contemporary Egyptians. It has been accepted that the timeless highway of the Nile River seeded Egypt with African genetic influence, well before pre-Dynastic times. Here we report on the successful recovery and analysis of the complete mtGenome from a burial recovered from a remote Romano–Christian cemetery, Kellis 2 (K2). K2 serviced the ancient municipality of Kellis, a village located in the Dakhleh Oasis in the southwest desert in Egypt. The data were obtained by high throughput sequencing (HTS) performed independently at two ancient DNA facilities (Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, Dover, DE, USA and Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA). These efforts produced concordant haplotypes representing a U1a1a haplogroup lineage. This result indicates that Near Eastern maternal influence previously identified at Abusir el-Meleq was also present further south, in ancient Kellis during the Romano–Christian period.