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Article

Outsourcing Reverse Logistics for E-Commerce Retailers: A Two-Stage Fuzzy Optimization Approach

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Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
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Department of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Hong Bang International University, Ho Chi Minh 723000, Vietnam
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Goran Ćirović
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiple-Criteria Decision Making)
On the heels of the online shopping boom during the Covid-19 pandemic, the electronic commerce (e-commerce) surge has many businesses facing an influx in product returns. Thus, relevant companies must implement robust reverse logistics strategies to reflect the increased importance of the capability. Reverse logistics also plays a radical role in any business’s sustainable development as a process of reusing, remanufacturing, and redistributing products. Within this context, outsourcing to a third-party reverse logistics provider (3PRLP) has been identified as one of the most important management strategies for today’s organizations, especially e-commerce players. The objective of this study is to develop a decision support system to assist businesses in the selection and evaluation of different 3PRLPs by a hybrid fuzzy multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) approach. Relevant criteria concerning the economic, environmental, social, and risk factors are incorporated and taken into the models. For obtaining more scientific and accurate ranking results, linguistic terms are adopted to reduce fuzziness and uncertainties of criteria weights in the natural decision-making process. The fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) is applied to measure the criteria’s relative significance over the evaluation process. The fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (FTOPSIS) is then used to rank the alternatives. The prescribed method was adopted for solving a case study on the 3PRLP selection for an online merchant in Vietnam. As a result, the most compatible 3PRLP was determined. The study also indicated that “lead time,” “customer’s voice,” “cost,” “delivery and service,” and “quality” are the most dominant drivers when selecting 3PLRLs. This study aims to provide a more complete and robust evaluation process to e-commerce businesses and any organization that deals with supply chain management in determining the optimized reverse logistics partners. View Full-Text
Keywords: reverse logistics; recycling; outsource; e-commerce; triangular fuzzy number; FAHP; FTOPSIS; decision making; sustainability reverse logistics; recycling; outsource; e-commerce; triangular fuzzy number; FAHP; FTOPSIS; decision making; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.-N.; Dang, T.-T.; Nguyen, N.-A.-T. Outsourcing Reverse Logistics for E-Commerce Retailers: A Two-Stage Fuzzy Optimization Approach. Axioms 2021, 10, 34. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/axioms10010034

AMA Style

Wang C-N, Dang T-T, Nguyen N-A-T. Outsourcing Reverse Logistics for E-Commerce Retailers: A Two-Stage Fuzzy Optimization Approach. Axioms. 2021; 10(1):34. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/axioms10010034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Chia-Nan, Thanh-Tuan Dang, and Ngoc-Ai-Thy Nguyen. 2021. "Outsourcing Reverse Logistics for E-Commerce Retailers: A Two-Stage Fuzzy Optimization Approach" Axioms 10, no. 1: 34. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/axioms10010034

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