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Understanding Technological Unemployment: A Review of Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

1
Graduate School of Engineering (COPPE), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro 21941-901, Brazil
2
Center of Analysis of Naval Systems (CASNAV)—Brazilian Navy, São Paulo 552, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: António B. Moniz, Bettina-Johanna Krings, Oriol Homs, Ilona Bučiūnienė and Csaba Makó
Received: 1 May 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
Many studies have focused on estimating the impact of automation on work around the world with results ranging widely. Despite the disagreement about the level of impact that automation will have, experts agree that new technologies tend to be applied to every economic sector, thus impacting work regardless of substituting or complementing it. The purpose of this study is to move on from the discussion about the size of the impact of automation to understanding the main social impacts that automation will cause and what actions should be taken to deal with them. For this purpose, we reviewed literature about technological unemployment found in Scopus and Web of Science published since 2000, presenting an academic view of the actions necessary to deal with the social impact of automation. Our results summarize causes, consequences, and solutions for the technological unemployment found in the literature. We also found that the literature is mainly concentrated on the areas of economy, sociology, and philosophy, with the authors situated in developed economies such as the USA, Europe, and New Zealand. Finally, we present the research agenda proposed by the reviewed papers that could motivate new research on the subject. View Full-Text
Keywords: automation; social impact; technological change; future of employment automation; social impact; technological change; future of employment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lima, Y.; Barbosa, C.E.; dos Santos, H.S.; de Souza, J.M. Understanding Technological Unemployment: A Review of Causes, Consequences, and Solutions. Societies 2021, 11, 50. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020050

AMA Style

Lima Y, Barbosa CE, dos Santos HS, de Souza JM. Understanding Technological Unemployment: A Review of Causes, Consequences, and Solutions. Societies. 2021; 11(2):50. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lima, Yuri, Carlos E. Barbosa, Herbert S. dos Santos, and Jano M. de Souza 2021. "Understanding Technological Unemployment: A Review of Causes, Consequences, and Solutions" Societies 11, no. 2: 50. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020050

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