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Article

An Exploration of Leadership in Post-Primary Schools: The Emergence of Toxic Leadership

School of Education, University of Limerick, V94 PX58 Limerick, Ireland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Stretesky
Received: 10 April 2021 / Revised: 16 May 2021 / Accepted: 31 May 2021 / Published: 3 June 2021
The focus of this research was to explore school leadership in post-primary schools using an adapted Schmidt Toxic Leadership Scale ©, which the authors recalibrated to examine both constructive and destructive leadership, the impact on individuals professional and personal lives, and on staff morale. Using a mixed methods approach, data were collected from 111 teaching professionals via online survey. Findings indicated a notable emergence of toxic leadership experiences which is reported in this paper. In addition, participants reported various and concerning negative consequences including: decreased job satisfaction, professional agency, and staff morale; reduced performance; increased attrition; increased negative behaviours including incivility; stifled career development; reduced self-confidence; depression; stress and anxiety; fear; tearfulness; humiliation; anger; mistrust; exhaustion; burnout; health issues; migraines; weight gain; substance abuse, suicidal thoughts, as well as, negative consequences on personal/home life. The results indicate that the quality of leadership was perceived to influence the health of respondents and had a bearing on their occupational wellbeing. Further research is needed to understand the nature of toxic leadership in education and its effects on organisational members. View Full-Text
Keywords: toxic leadership; dark side of leadership; post-primary schools; incivility; decreased wellbeing toxic leadership; dark side of leadership; post-primary schools; incivility; decreased wellbeing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Snow, N.; Hickey, N.; Blom, N.; O’Mahony, L.; Mannix-McNamara, P. An Exploration of Leadership in Post-Primary Schools: The Emergence of Toxic Leadership. Societies 2021, 11, 54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020054

AMA Style

Snow N, Hickey N, Blom N, O’Mahony L, Mannix-McNamara P. An Exploration of Leadership in Post-Primary Schools: The Emergence of Toxic Leadership. Societies. 2021; 11(2):54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020054

Chicago/Turabian Style

Snow, Nicola, Niamh Hickey, Nicolaas Blom, Liam O’Mahony, and Patricia Mannix-McNamara. 2021. "An Exploration of Leadership in Post-Primary Schools: The Emergence of Toxic Leadership" Societies 11, no. 2: 54. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11020054

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