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Article

Child and Adolescent Multiple Victimization and/or Polyvictimization: A Portuguese Comparative Study

1
Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
2
Research Centre on Child Studies (CIEC), University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
3
UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit (FP-ENAS), University Fernando Pessoa (UFP), 4249-004 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gregor Wolbring
Received: 25 August 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 28 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
Worldwide, children and adolescents are exposed to violence every day and in countless contexts, whether in the family, at school, or in the community. Child multiple victimization has been the subject of extensive international research because of the impact on child and youth development. A quantitative and comparative study aiming to understand child multiple victimization and/or polyvictimization from the perspective of children is presented. Two groups were studied, with and without psychological counselling, with 20 children each, aged 12–18 years old. All the participants answered to juvenile victimization questionnaire (JVQ). The study was approved by the University Ethics Committee responsible for the study in Portugal, and it was initiated after the obtained consent of the children’s legal guardians. The results indicated that young people frequently experience violent situations, with particular emphasis on conventional crimes, e.g., theft, robbery, vandalism, and assault with or without a weapon, with sexual victimization being less common. The results also show that there is a cumulative experience of violence, which evidences multiple victimization and polyvictimization of the child/adolescent throughout their life. These phenomena are not necessarily more common between populations with clinical follow-up. When the types of violence were compared, multiple victimization and polyvictimization, this study found no differences between the samples with and without psychological counselling. It can be concluded that the multiple victimization or polyvictimization problem is not unusual among the population in the studied age range. It is important to alert to the phenomenon of child/adolescent multiple victimization, aiming at a more effective assessment and intervention among these populations. Raising awareness of the phenomenon of multiple child and youth victimization or polyvictimization is of particular importance for preventing violence at all stages of development. View Full-Text
Keywords: child and adolescent; comparative study; multiple victimization; polyvictimization; psychological counselling child and adolescent; comparative study; multiple victimization; polyvictimization; psychological counselling
MDPI and ACS Style

Sani, A.I.; Bastos, D.; Dinis, M.A.P. Child and Adolescent Multiple Victimization and/or Polyvictimization: A Portuguese Comparative Study. Societies 2021, 11, 120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040120

AMA Style

Sani AI, Bastos D, Dinis MAP. Child and Adolescent Multiple Victimization and/or Polyvictimization: A Portuguese Comparative Study. Societies. 2021; 11(4):120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sani, Ana I., Daniela Bastos, and Maria A.P. Dinis 2021. "Child and Adolescent Multiple Victimization and/or Polyvictimization: A Portuguese Comparative Study" Societies 11, no. 4: 120. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040120

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