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Article

Fake News and the “Wild Wide Web”: A Study of Elementary Students’ Reliability Reasoning

1
College of Education, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX 76513, USA
2
College of Education and Human Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eugène Loos and Loredana Ivan
Received: 20 August 2021 / Revised: 23 September 2021 / Accepted: 25 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fighting Fake News: A Generational Approach)
Online research presents unique challenges for elementary students as they develop and extend fundamental literacy skills to various media. Some features of internet text differ from that of traditional print, contributing to the challenges of discerning “fake news.” Readers must understand how to navigate online texts to conduct research effectively, while applying critical thinking to determine the reliability of online information. Descriptive data from an ongoing study revealed that children in grades 1–5 lack some basic understanding of how to search the “wild wide web.” Just as children benefit from explicit instruction related to text features, children benefit from instruction related to the features of the internet. This article presents a study of website evaluation that occurs early in the search process prior to the selection of a particular website or article. The application of the web literacy skills required to conduct an internet search is addressed, and recommendations prompt teachers to consider searches beyond the “walled garden,” as well as ways to handle the “messiness” of internet exploration. View Full-Text
Keywords: wild wide web; fake news; new literacies; web literacy; critical thinking; reliability reasoning wild wide web; fake news; new literacies; web literacy; critical thinking; reliability reasoning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pilgrim, J.; Vasinda, S. Fake News and the “Wild Wide Web”: A Study of Elementary Students’ Reliability Reasoning. Societies 2021, 11, 121. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040121

AMA Style

Pilgrim J, Vasinda S. Fake News and the “Wild Wide Web”: A Study of Elementary Students’ Reliability Reasoning. Societies. 2021; 11(4):121. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pilgrim, Jodi, and Sheri Vasinda. 2021. "Fake News and the “Wild Wide Web”: A Study of Elementary Students’ Reliability Reasoning" Societies 11, no. 4: 121. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/soc11040121

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